Mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with hematopoietic disorders. Overlooked in terms of stem cell function and its regulation are mitochondria, central effectors of cells that generate cellular energy, regulate apoptosis, and other functions. We hypothesize hematopoietic stem (HSC) and progenitor (HPC) cell functions are intimately associated with, and directly linked in cause-effect regulatory mode with mitochondrial activity, mass, morphology, and DNA content, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and growth factor combinations, as well as stromal cells. Our long term goals are to elucidate a mechanistic role for mitochondria in HSC/HPC function, after synergistic stimulation by combinations of cytokines, and in context also of stromal cells, and to use this information to enhance HSC engraftment, and HSC and HPC activities in vivo for therapeutic advantage.
Our Specific Aims are: 1.) Determine role of mitochondrial (mt) respiratory activities, especially electron transport chain (ETC) complex content and functional parameters, bioenergetic status, total mt-mass, mt-morphology, and mtDNA copy number/content, anti-oxidant enzyme expression/content, and glycolytic activities on HSC/HPC functions (survival, self-renewal, proliferation, differentiation, and HSC attrition) under: steady state conditions, varying oxygen tensions (normoxia (~20%), and lowered (5% and 1-3%)), in context of aging and with a special focus on molecular mechanisms and regulation of ROS generation and its effects on HSC/HPC after stimulation with SDF-1/CXCL12, SCF, and other relevant growth factors, especially synergistic combinations, and with regards to the Rapamycin-sensitive mTOR pathway. 1a. Study phenotypically- defined/purified and functionally-assessed populations of mouse bone marrow (BM) HSC and HPC from: normal mice, hematopoietic (H) tissue-specific STAT3 -/- mice and SDF-1 TG mice. 1b. Evaluate purified HSC/HPC from human umbilical cord blood (CB) and adult BM. 1c. At single cell level, determine how mitochondrial segregation into daughter cells and mitochondrial activity relates to the functional activities of HSC/HPC. 2). Use "detoxification" (e.g., N-acetylcysteine (NAC), and hypoxia) strategies in HSC/HPC during harvest and manipulation to reduce HSC/HPC death and differentiation for pre-clinical study. 2a. Evaluate anti-oxidant enzyme expression (i.e. mnSOD) and respiratory ETC efficiency and parameters on ROS levels and generation and link this information mechanistically to HSC/HPC function with a focus on synergistic growth factor combinations, and in relationship to the Rapamycin/mTOR pathway. 2b. Modify ROS generation and its effects on HSC/HPC via treatment with ROS scavengers (i.e. NAC), and pro-oxidant conditions (i.e. rotenone) in context of hypoxia vs. normoxia.
Little is known regarding biology and regulation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), and their response to aging and stress. More in-depth knowledge of factors regulating HSC function will make it possible to control/modulate HSC function and fate and develop more efficacious treatments for disease and decline in performance during aging and stress. Understanding mitochondrial behavior could lead to better understanding of how HSC deal with or respond to increased oxidative risk, information of use in studies of stem cells in general.
|Lee, Man Ryul; Mantel, Charlie; Lee, Sang A et al. (2016) MiR-31/SDHA Axis Regulates Reprogramming Efficiency through Mitochondrial Metabolism. Stem Cell Reports 7:1-10|
|Huang, X; Lee, M-R; Cooper, S et al. (2016) Activation of OCT4 enhances ex vivo expansion of human cord blood hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells by regulating HOXB4 expression. Leukemia 30:144-53|
|Broxmeyer, Hal E (2016) Enhancing the efficacy of engraftment of cord blood for hematopoietic cell transplantation. Transfus Apher Sci 54:364-72|
|Messina-Graham, Steven; Broxmeyer, Hal (2016) SDF-1/CXCL12 modulates mitochondrial respiration of immature blood cells in a bi-phasic manner. Blood Cells Mol Dis 58:13-8|
|Capitano, Maegan L; Chitteti, Brahmananda R; Cooper, Scott et al. (2015) Ames hypopituitary dwarf mice demonstrate imbalanced myelopoiesis between bone marrow and spleen. Blood Cells Mol Dis 55:15-20|
|Mantel, Charlie R; O'Leary, Heather A; Chitteti, Brahmananda R et al. (2015) Enhancing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Efficacy by Mitigating Oxygen Shock. Cell 161:1553-65|
|Broxmeyer, Hal E; O'Leary, Heather A; Huang, Xinxin et al. (2015) The importance of hypoxia and extra physiologic oxygen shock/stress for collection and processing of stem and progenitor cells to understand true physiology/pathology of these cells ex vivo. Curr Opin Hematol 22:273-8|
|Capitano, Maegan L; Hangoc, Giao; Cooper, Scott et al. (2015) Mild Heat Treatment Primes Human CD34(+) Cord Blood Cells for Migration Toward SDF-1Î± and Enhances Engraftment in an NSG Mouse Model. Stem Cells 33:1975-84|
|Zeng, Yi; Broxmeyer, Hal E; Staser, Karl et al. (2015) Pak2 regulates hematopoietic progenitor cell proliferation, survival, and differentiation. Stem Cells 33:1630-41|
|Prasain, Nutan; Lee, Man Ryul; Vemula, Sasidhar et al. (2014) Differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells to cells similar to cord-blood endothelial colony-forming cells. Nat Biotechnol 32:1151-7|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 123 publications