The objective of this proposal is to produce a new level of gains in imaging speed and SNR for cardiac and vascular imaging by combining novel concepts of non-Cartesian parallel imaging techniques with the newly emerging compressed sampling theory. Compressed sensing promises to revolutionize the field of MRI by breaking the traditional link between imaging time and SNR. Here we will exploit these concepts to develop a set of completely new imaging strategies with dramatic increases in SNR and imaging speed. We specifically address computational limitations by developing an open source software distribution for high-end graphical processing units. These processors promise to dramatically reduce computational time across the board in medical imaging. Ultimately we believe that these technologies, when viewed as a whole, will result in a novel class of methods for cardiac and vascular diagnosis which will provide an increase in image quality, SNR and speed in MRI, perhaps unparalleled in the evolution of MRI, resulting in dramatically improved imaging of MR angiography, cardiac function and cardiac perfusion.
Our specific aims are to: 1) develop and evaluate improved methods to acquire, and reconstruct multislice non-Cartesian parallel imaging methods for 2D MRI applications 2) develop and evaluate robust combined non-Cartesian parallel imaging and compressed sensing methods 3) develop and evaluate improved computational methods based on graphical processing units (GPUs) for the calculation of non-Cartesian parallel imaging, CG-HYPR and combined methods to achieve clinically acceptable reconstruction times and 4) validate parallel CG-HYPR methods for the evaluation of cardiovascular disease as a means to shorten total exam time and increase image quality.

Public Health Relevance

The objective of this proposal is to produce a new level of gains in imaging speed and SNR for cardiac and vascular imaging by combining novel concepts of non-Cartesian parallel imaging techniques with the newly emerging compressed sampling theory. Compressed sensing promises to revolutionize the field of MRI by breaking the traditional link between imaging time and SNR. Here we will exploit these concepts to develop a set of completely new imaging strategies with dramatic increases in SNR and imaging speed. Unfortunately to date, the computation time in these methods has ranged up to several hours per image. We specifically address this limitation in this project through the use of the modern generation of graphical processing units (GPUs). These processors promise to dramatically reduce computational time across the board in medical imaging. Ultimately we believe that these technologies, when viewed as a whole, will result in a novel class of methods for cardiac and vascular diagnosis which will provide an increase in image quality, SNR and speed in MRI, perhaps unparalleled in the evolution of MRI, resulting in dramatically improved imaging of MR angiography, cardiac function and cardiac perfusion.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01HL094557-04
Application #
8392238
Study Section
Biomedical Imaging Technology Study Section (BMIT)
Program Officer
Evans, Frank
Project Start
2010-03-15
Project End
2014-11-30
Budget Start
2012-12-01
Budget End
2013-11-30
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$631,398
Indirect Cost
$158,419
Name
Case Western Reserve University
Department
Radiation-Diagnostic/Oncology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
077758407
City
Cleveland
State
OH
Country
United States
Zip Code
44106
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Riffe, Matthew J; Yutzy, Stephen R; Jiang, Yun et al. (2014) Device localization and dynamic scan plane selection using a wireless magnetic resonance imaging detector array. Magn Reson Med 71:2243-9
Wright, Katherine L; Chen, Yong; Saybasili, Haris et al. (2014) Quantitative high-resolution renal perfusion imaging using 3-dimensional through-time radial generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisition. Invest Radiol 49:666-74
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Saybasili, Haris; Herzka, Daniel A; Seiberlich, Nicole et al. (2014) Real-time imaging with radial GRAPPA: Implementation on a heterogeneous architecture for low-latency reconstructions. Magn Reson Imaging 32:747-58
Neumann, Daniel; Breuer, Felix A; Völker, Michael et al. (2014) Reducing contrast contamination in radial turbo-spin-echo acquisitions by combining a narrow-band KWIC filter with parallel imaging. Magn Reson Med 72:1680-6
Wright, Katherine L; Seiberlich, Nicole; Jesberger, John A et al. (2013) Simultaneous magnetic resonance angiography and perfusion (MRAP) measurement: initial application in lower extremity skeletal muscle. J Magn Reson Imaging 38:1237-44
Ma, Dan; Gulani, Vikas; Seiberlich, Nicole et al. (2013) Magnetic resonance fingerprinting. Nature 495:187-92
Lee, Gregory R; Seiberlich, Nicole; Sunshine, Jeffrey L et al. (2013) Rapid time-resolved magnetic resonance angiography via a multiecho radial trajectory and GraDeS reconstruction. Magn Reson Med 69:346-59
Gudino, N; Griswold, M A (2013) Multi-turn transmit coil to increase b1 efficiency in current source amplification. Magn Reson Med 69:1180-5

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