Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a chronic airway inflammatory disease with important systemic manifestations that account for a substantial part of its morbidity and mortality. COPD is currently the fourth leading cause of death in the US and the projected third leading cause of death worldwide by 2020. The identification of systemic biomarkers that can predict inception and progression of this disease may provide important insights into its molecular mechanisms and have critical implications for prevention. Yet, to date, most studies of biomarkers of COPD have been limited by the use of only a few markers at a time and by the cross-sectional nature of the data, which has precluded any conclusive resolution of whether these biomarkers are causally linked to COPD or they are simply a consequence of the disease. To overcome these limitations, in this application we propose to use a large prospective population-based cohort that was initiated in 1972 (Tucson Epidemiological Study of Airway Obstructive Disease - TESAOD) and provides detailed respiratory phenotypic information and an extensive collection of serum samples that were collected over the 35-year follow-up period from several thousand participants. In this cohort, we propose to test a large panel of 133 candidate biomarkers variably involved in inflammation, innate immunity, proteolysis, detoxification and oxidative stress, adaptive immune responses to microorganisms, and auto- immune responses. These biomarkers will be tested against incidence and progression of COPD phenotypes (Aim 1) as well as COPD-related and all-cause mortality risk (Aim 2). In addition panels of biomarkers associated with airflow limitation will be compared between subjects with and without asthma (Aim 3). This project will result in the most comprehensive prospective biomarker study of COPD to date.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is currently the fourth leading cause of death in the US and the projected third leading cause of death worldwide by 2020. The identification of systemic biomarkers that can predict onset and progression of this disease may have critical implications for prevention. This project aims to overcome some of the existing limitations of biomarker studies of COPD by measuring a large panel of biomarkers in serum samples that were collected over 35 years of follow-up in a large epidemiological cohort. These biomarkers will be then tested to determine if they can predict risk of developing COPD and dying of it.
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