In mouse models of atherosclerosis, HDL is thought to be atheroprotective because it removes excess cholesterol from macrophages of the artery wall and inhibits inflammation. We have shown that HDL inhibits a specific inflammatory pathway in macrophages - the type I interferon response pathway - that is regulated by TLR4-TRAM signaling. We also have demonstrated that elevated levels of the acute-phase response proteins SAA1 and SAA2 (SAA1/2) in human HDL associate with impaired sterol efflux from macrophages. Recent studies demonstrate that the sterol efflux capacity of human serum HDL strongly associates with CAD status but is independent of HDL-cholesterol and protein (apoA-I) levels. Thus, the cholesterol efflux capacity of serum HDL might be a marker-and perhaps mediator-of atherosclerotic burden that is independent of HDL- C and apoA-I. Changes in the HDL proteome could alter its ability to remove cellular cholesterol or inhibit macrophage inflammation. We therefore will test the hypotheses that (a) HDL prevents macrophage activation by inhibiting the TLR4-TRAM pathway and (b) altered levels of pro- and anti-inflammatory proteins render HDL dysfunctional in mice and humans.
Cardiovascular disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in industrialized Western populations. Moreover, inflammation-a central theme of this proposal-is implicated in the pathogenesis of many other human diseases. The population at large might benefit from the proposed studies because we may identify ways to identify subjects at risk for CAD, which might lead to preventative treatment. In the long-term, it is possible that the studies outlined in this proposal might lead to the development of new therapeutic interventions designed to prevent or treat CAD.
|Shao, Baohai; Heinecke, Jay W (2018) Quantifying HDL proteins by mass spectrometry: how many proteins are there and what are their functions? Expert Rev Proteomics 15:31-40|
|Ronsein, Graziella E; Heinecke, Jay W (2017) Time to ditch HDL-C as a measure of HDL function? Curr Opin Lipidol 28:414-418|
|Pamir, Nathalie; Hutchins, Patrick M; Ronsein, Graziella E et al. (2017) Plasminogen promotes cholesterol efflux by the ABCA1 pathway. JCI Insight 2:|
|Pamir, Nathalie; Hutchins, Patrick; Ronsein, Graziella et al. (2016) Proteomic analysis of HDL from inbred mouse strains implicates APOE associated with HDL in reduced cholesterol efflux capacity via the ABCA1 pathway. J Lipid Res 57:246-57|
|Ronsein, Graziella E; Hutchins, Patrick M; Isquith, Daniel et al. (2016) Niacin Therapy Increases High-Density Lipoprotein Particles and Total Cholesterol Efflux Capacity But Not ABCA1-Specific Cholesterol Efflux in Statin-Treated Subjects. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 36:404-11|
|Monette, Jeffrey S; Hutchins, Patrick M; Ronsein, Graziella E et al. (2016) Patients With Coronary Endothelial Dysfunction Have Impaired Cholesterol Efflux Capacity and Reduced HDL Particle Concentration. Circ Res 119:83-90|
|Ronsein, Graziella E; Reyes-Soffer, Gissette; He, Yi et al. (2016) Targeted Proteomics Identifies Paraoxonase/Arylesterase 1 (PON1) and Apolipoprotein Cs as Potential Risk Factors for Hypoalphalipoproteinemia in Diabetic Subjects Treated with Fenofibrate and Rosiglitazone. Mol Cell Proteomics 15:1083-93|
|Hutchins, Patrick M; Heinecke, Jay W (2015) Cholesterol efflux capacity, macrophage reverse cholesterol transport and cardioprotective HDL. Curr Opin Lipidol 26:388-93|
|Pamir, Nathalie; Liu, Ning-Chun; Irwin, Angela et al. (2015) Granulocyte/Macrophage Colony-stimulating Factor-dependent Dendritic Cells Restrain Lean Adipose Tissue Expansion. J Biol Chem 290:14656-67|
|Heinecke, Jay W (2015) Small HDL promotes cholesterol efflux by the ABCA1 pathway in macrophages: implications for therapies targeted to HDL. Circ Res 116:1101-3|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 19 publications