This application is a re-submission of our prior application (R01 MD006173) to examine the relationship between adult children 's filial piety and psychosocial wellbeing of Chinese older adults. Despite the rapid growth of Chinese populations, we have the most rudimentary understanding of many important issues facing the US Chinese older adults. More specifically, there are significant disparities in psychosocial wellbeing among Chinese older adults, who have the highest suicide rate than any other racial/ethnic group in the US. This marked health disparity is further exacerbated by the linguistic and cultural complexities when studying these issues as well as the inadequate community support necessary to empower the Chinese community to be fully engaged as equal partners in research. These impediments necessitate a deeper understanding broader contextual cultural factors associated with psychosocial distress, through the development of sustainable community-academic partnership and the reciprocal transfer of expertise to improve the health of the Chinese population. Accordingly, we will leverage a comprehensive model of community-based participatory research (CBPR) to examine the relationship between important cultural factors and psychosocial wellbeing of Chinese older adults. Among many important cultural factors , filial piety is the most important and defines relationships between adult children and their parents. Improved understanding of filial piety could improve our understanding of a key contextual factor that may affect psychosocial wellbeing of Chinese older adults. The primary specific aims are to: 1) examine the relationship between adult children 's filial piety with older adult's psychosocial wellbeing;2) examine the relationship between the discrepancies in adult children 's filial behaviors and older adult's filial expectations with the psychosocial wellbeing of older adults;and 3) examine the degree to which adult children 's filial piety influences other risk factors associated with psychological distress and social isolation of older adults. The secondary specific aims are to: 4) explore the influence of other relevant cultural factors on above relationship (aims 1-3);and 5) identify through semi-structure interviews the stress, barriers, challenges and cultural variations in the adherence and expectation of filial piety in both adult children and older adults. To achieve these objectives, a bilingual and bicultural principal investigator and an experienced interdisciplinary team will build on our NIH funded CBPR projects to collaborate with Chicago Chinese community groups. The findings from this proposal could inform the successful conduct of future prevention and intervention studies to improve psychosocial wellbeing in US Chinese older adults.

Public Health Relevance

This application aims to examine the relationship between adult children's filial piety and psychological and social wellbeing of Chinese older adults in a community-dwelling population. The findings from this study will provide important information on the risk and protective factors associated with psychosocial wellbeing of older Chinese persons. This is consistent with NIH's goal of improve health and aging and reduce health disparities in all racial/ethnic groups.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01MD006173-02
Application #
8449591
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMD1-MLS (01))
Program Officer
Alvidrez, Jennifer L
Project Start
2012-05-20
Project End
2016-01-31
Budget Start
2013-02-01
Budget End
2014-01-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$319,194
Indirect Cost
$70,997
Name
Rush University Medical Center
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
068610245
City
Chicago
State
IL
Country
United States
Zip Code
60612
Dong, XinQi; Simon, Melissa (2015) Association between Elder Abuse and Metabolic Syndromes: Findings from the Chicago Health and Aging Project. Gerontology 61:389-98
Dong, XinQi; Li, Yu; Simon, Melissa A (2014) Social engagement among U.S. Chinese older adults--findings from the PINE Study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 69 Suppl 2:S82-9
Dong, Xinqi; Simon, Melissa; Beck, Todd et al. (2014) Decline in cognitive function and elder mistreatment: findings from the Chicago Health and Aging Project. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 22:598-605
Chang, E-Shien; Beck, Todd; Simon, Melissa A et al. (2014) A psychometric assessment of the psychological and social well-being indicators in the PINE study. J Aging Health 26:1116-36
Chen, Ruijia; Simon, Melissa A; Chang, E-Shien et al. (2014) The perception of social support among U.S. Chinese older adults: findings from the PINE Study. J Aging Health 26:1137-54
Dong, XinQi; Chang, E-Shien; Simon, Melissa A (2014) Physical function assessment in a community-dwelling population of U.S. Chinese older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 69 Suppl 2:S31-8
Dong, XinQi; Zhang, Manrui; Simon, Melissa (2014) The prevalence of cardiopulmonary symptoms among Chinese older adults in the Greater Chicago area. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 69 Suppl 2:S39-45
Simon, Melissa A; Zhang, Manrui; Dong, XinQi (2014) Trust in physicians among U.S. chinese older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 69 Suppl 2:S46-53
Dong, XinQi (2014) Self-neglect in an elderly community-dwelling U.S. Chinese population: findings from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago study. J Am Geriatr Soc 62:2391-7
Dong, XinQi; Chen, Ruijia; Simon, Melissa A (2014) Elder abuse and dementia: a review of the research and health policy. Health Aff (Millwood) 33:642-9

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