The long-term goal of this research is to understand how the brain controls and monitors the actions it produces to gain insight into the causes of dyscontrol underlying various psychopathologies. The activity of ensembles of neurons and local field potentials will be monitored in targeted layers of the frontal lobe of monkeys performing a saccade countermanding task that probes the ability to inhibit a movement at different degrees of preparation by presenting an infrequent but imperative stop signal. The frontal eye field will be studied to further elucidate the neural activity that determines whether and when a movement will occur. The supplementary eye field and anterior cingulate cortex will be studied to characterize the neural concomitants of supervisory control signals and to determine how executive control is exerted. Patterns of ensemble neural activity and laminar local field potentials will be analyzed through procedures specified by the race model of stop signal task performance to evaluate specific hypothesis about how the brain initiates and inhibits movements (Aim 1), monitors the consequences of movements (Aim 2) and exerts executive control to improve performance (Aim 3). These data will contribute to distinguishing between error, feedback and conflict monitoring theories of executive control.
Disordered inhibitory control is a core symptom of psychopathologies like schizophrenia. The basic information about direct and executive control of action that will be obtained through the proposed research plan is essential to design more effective diagnosis and eventual treatment of disorders of impulse control. Targeted therapies with fewer side-effects require knowledge of the neural circuits instantiating inhibitory control.
|Godlove, David C; Schall, Jeffrey D (2016) Microsaccade production during saccade cancelation in a stop-signal task. Vision Res 118:5-16|
|Neggers, S F W; Zandbelt, B B; Schall, M S et al. (2015) Comparative diffusion tractography of corticostriatal motor pathways reveals differences between humans and macaques. J Neurophysiol 113:2164-72|
|Ninomiya, Taihei; Dougherty, Kacie; Godlove, David C et al. (2015) Microcircuitry of agranular frontal cortex: contrasting laminar connectivity between occipital and frontal areas. J Neurophysiol 113:3242-55|
|Thakkar, Katharine N; Schall, Jeffrey D; Heckers, Stephan et al. (2015) Disrupted Saccadic Corollary Discharge in Schizophrenia. J Neurosci 35:9935-45|
|Logan, Gordon D; Yamaguchi, Motonori; Schall, Jeffrey D et al. (2015) Inhibitory control in mind and brain 2.0: blocked-input models of saccadic countermanding. Psychol Rev 122:115-47|
|Thakkar, Katharine N; Schall, Jeffrey D; Logan, Gordon D et al. (2015) Response inhibition and response monitoring in a saccadic double-step task in schizophrenia. Brain Cogn 95:90-8|
|Thakkar, Katharine N; Schall, Jeffrey D; Logan, Gordon D et al. (2015) Cognitive control of gaze in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Psychiatry Res 225:254-62|
|Godlove, David C; Maier, Alexander; Woodman, Geoffrey F et al. (2014) Microcircuitry of agranular frontal cortex: testing the generality of the canonical cortical microcircuit. J Neurosci 34:5355-69|
|Middlebrooks, Paul G; Schall, Jeffrey D (2014) Response inhibition during perceptual decision making in humans and macaques. Atten Percept Psychophys 76:353-66|
|Schall, Jeffrey D (2013) Macrocircuits: decision networks. Curr Opin Neurobiol 23:269-74|
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