Stress-related diseases are accompanied by glucocorticoid and cardiovascular dyshomeostasis. In particular, glucocorticoid hypersecretion in depression is linked with both ongoing mood symptoms and with long-term physiological dysfunctions, including osteoporosis and visceral obesity. Decreased heart rate variability is associated with negative emotions in depressed patients, and contributes to the high incidence of cardiovascular pathology and mortality associated with the disorder. Thus, physiological consequences of depression contribute to both psychiatric symptoms and co-morbid disease processes. Neural and systemic effects of depression are linked to inappropriate processing of stressful information in the brain. The current proposal uses rodent chronic stress models to address mechanisms that control physiological adaptation and dysfunction following long-term stress. Our proposal tests the novel hypothesis that distinct brainstem neurons act as critical integrators of both stress habituation and sensitization, and are thereby responsible for adaptive as well as maladaptive hormonal and autonomic responses.
Aim 1 will determine whether noradrenergic neurons of the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) are responsible for driving HPA axis hyperactivity and autonomic dysfunction following chronic stress.
Aim 2 tests the hypothesis that neuroendocrine and autonomic stress pathologies are mediated through inappropriate drive of NTS noradrenergic neurons by forebrain stress-recruited pathways.
Aim 3 uses a NTS gene knockdown approach (lentiviral vectors) to examine the role of NTS glucagon-like peptide 1(GLP-1) neurons in long-term stress adaptation.
Aim 4 is designed to elucidate the role of NTS glucocorticoid receptor-mediated feedback in the control of stress adaptation and pathology. Understanding the role of the NTS in stress adaptation will add new insight into potential circuit pathology in affective disease, and provide novel molecular targets (GLP-1, brainstem glucocorticoid receptors) for development of therapeutic intervention strategies.
Depression is accompanied by major disruption of homeostatic mechanisms, including glucocorticoid hypersecretion and cardiovascular dysfunction. Importantly, physiological pathologies are involved in generation of mood symptoms, indicating a tight linkage between systemic and neural aspects of depression. This proposal seeks to identify novel neural mechanisms responsible for generation of glucocorticoid and cardiovascular dysfunction in a rat chronic stress model of depression. Our studies are expected to provide preclinical data regarding new molecular targets for promoting stress resistance and adaptation.
|Smith, Brittany L; Schmeltzer, Sarah N; Packard, Benjamin A et al. (2016) Divergent effects of repeated restraint versus chronic variable stress on prefrontal cortical immune status after LPS injection. Brain Behav Immun 57:263-70|
|Myers, Brent; Scheimann, Jessie R; Franco-Villanueva, Ana et al. (2016) Ascending mechanisms of stress integration: Implications for brainstem regulation of neuroendocrine and behavioral stress responses. Neurosci Biobehav Rev :|
|Herman, James P; McKlveen, Jessica M; Ghosal, Sriparna et al. (2016) Regulation of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenocortical Stress Response. Compr Physiol 6:603-21|
|Wulsin, Aynara C; Wick-Carlson, Dayna; Packard, Benjamin A et al. (2016) Adolescent chronic stress causes hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical hypo-responsiveness and depression-like behavior in adult female rats. Psychoneuroendocrinology 65:109-17|
|Myers, Brent; Carvalho-Netto, Eduardo; Wick-Carlson, Dayna et al. (2016) GABAergic Signaling within a Limbic-Hypothalamic Circuit Integrates Social and Anxiety-Like Behavior with Stress Reactivity. Neuropsychopharmacology 41:1530-9|
|Ghosal, Sriparna; Nunley, Amanda; Mahbod, Parinaz et al. (2015) Mouse handling limits the impact of stress on metabolic endpoints. Physiol Behav 150:31-7|
|Ressler, Ilana B; Grayson, Bernadette E; Ulrich-Lai, Yvonne M et al. (2015) Diet-induced obesity exacerbates metabolic and behavioral effects of polycystic ovary syndrome in a rodent model. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 308:E1076-84|
|Solomon, Matia B; Loftspring, Matthew; de Kloet, Annette D et al. (2015) Neuroendocrine Function After Hypothalamic Depletion of Glucocorticoid Receptors in Male and Female Mice. Endocrinology 156:2843-53|
|de Kloet, Annette D; Krause, Eric G; Solomon, Matia B et al. (2015) Adipocyte glucocorticoid receptors mediate fat-to-brain signaling. Psychoneuroendocrinology 56:110-9|
|Bundzikova-Osacka, Jana; Ghosal, Sriparna; Packard, Benjamin A et al. (2015) Role of nucleus of the solitary tract noradrenergic neurons in post-stress cardiovascular and hormonal control in male rats. Stress 18:221-32|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 43 publications