While child maltreatment affects almost 1 million children each year, and constitutes a serious public health problem in the U.S., evidence from meta-analysis suggests that interventions for child maltreatment do little to strengthen the quality of interactions between maltreating parents and their children. We propose to study patterns of interactive synchrony, rupture, and repair in transactions between maltreating mothers and their preschool children in order to improve the identification of child risk for negative self-regulatory and behavioral outcomes, and facilitate prescriptive matching of early interventions to specific types of disruptive interactions in maltreating mother-child dyads. The sample consists of 250 mothers and their 3-5 year old children. One hundred-fifty (150) maltreating mother-child dyads will be drawn from Children &Youth Service agencies (i.e., mothers identified as perpetrators of physical abuse or neglect, and representing a range of maltreatment severity). One hundred (100) non-maltreating mother-child dyads matched on key socio-demographics will also participate. Mother-child interactions during a series of unstructured and compliance tasks will be assessed during a home visit and subsequent laboratory session, and coded via the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB) for extent of interactive coordination, and patterns of relationship rupture and repair. Physiological and behavior measures of regulation (i.e., emotion regulation, baseline cardiac vagal tone, vagal regulation, behavioral control), and problem behavior will be collected from children. Neurophysiological and survey-based indices of parent regulation (i.e., baseline cardiac vagal tone, vagal regulation, effortful control) will also be obtained. Analyses will be used to (1) empirically determine classes of dyadic interactive coordination, rupture, and repair in maltreating dyads that distinguish subtype and level of maltreatment severity;assess (2) relations between mother-child interactions and child emotion regulation and behavior;and (3) examine relations among parent regulation, dyadic interactions, maltreatment, and child outcomes. This innovative project addresses gaps in the maltreatment literature by: (a) examining patterns of parent-child interactive coordination associated with severity and subtype of maltreatment;(b) combining neurophysiological and behavioral assessment of emotion regulation in maltreating mothers and their preschool children;(c) using advanced micro-analytic coding technologies and state-of-the-art statistical methods to model patterns of interactive synchrony, rupture, and repair that unfold over time in the sequential interactions between maltreating mothers and their preschool children;and (d) examining the bi-directional influence of mother and child during these inter- changes. Following conclusion of this project, we plan to develop testable interventions to target specific patterns of interactive disruption in maltreating families.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01MH079328-05
Application #
8141146
Study Section
Psychosocial Development, Risk and Prevention Study Section (PDRP)
Program Officer
Sarampote, Christopher S
Project Start
2007-09-11
Project End
2012-06-30
Budget Start
2011-07-01
Budget End
2012-06-30
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$128,067
Indirect Cost
Name
Pennsylvania State University
Department
Miscellaneous
Type
Schools of Education
DUNS #
003403953
City
University Park
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
16802
Kim, Matthew H; Shimomaeda, Lisa; Giuliano, Ryan J et al. (2017) Intergenerational associations in executive function between mothers and children in the context of risk. J Exp Child Psychol 164:1-15
Smith, Justin D; Woodhouse, Susan S; Clark, Caron A C et al. (2016) Attachment status and mother-preschooler parasympathetic response to the strange situation procedure. Biol Psychol 114:39-48
Clark, Caron A C; Skowron, Elizabeth A; Giuliano, Ryan J et al. (2016) Intersections between cardiac physiology, emotion regulation and interpersonal warmth in preschoolers: Implications for drug abuse prevention from translational neuroscience. Drug Alcohol Depend 163 Suppl 1:S60-9
Noll, Laura K; Clark, Caron A C; Skowron, Elizabeth A (2015) Multigenerational links between mothers' experiences of autonomy in childhood and preschoolers' respiratory sinus arrhythmia: Variations by maltreatment status. Dev Psychopathol 27:1443-60
Giuliano, Ryan J; Skowron, Elizabeth A; Berkman, Elliot T (2015) Growth models of dyadic synchrony and mother-child vagal tone in the context of parenting at-risk. Biol Psychol 105:29-36
Skowron, Elizabeth A; Cipriano-Essel, Elizabeth; Gatzke-Kopp, Lisa M et al. (2014) Early adversity, RSA, and inhibitory control: evidence of children's neurobiological sensitivity to social context. Dev Psychobiol 56:964-78
Creaven, Ann-Marie; Skowron, Elizabeth A; Hughes, Brian M et al. (2014) Dyadic concordance in mother and preschooler resting cardiovascular function varies by risk status. Dev Psychobiol 56:142-52
Cipriano-Essel, Elizabeth; Skowron, Elizabeth A; Stifter, Cynthia A et al. (2013) Heterogeneity in Maltreated and Non-maltreated Preschool Children's Inhibitory Control: The Interplay Between Parenting Quality and Child Temperament. Infant Child Dev 22:501-522
Skowron, Elizabeth A; Cipriano-Essel, Elizabeth; Benjamin, Lorna Smith et al. (2013) Cardiac Vagal Tone and Quality of Parenting Show Concurrent and Time-Ordered Associations That Diverge in Abusive, Neglectful, and Non-Maltreating Mothers. Couple Family Psychol 2:95-115
Skowron, Elizabeth A; Loken, Eric; Gatzke-Kopp, Lisa M et al. (2011) Mapping cardiac physiology and parenting processes in maltreating mother-child dyads. J Fam Psychol 25:663-74

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