The goal of the proposed research is to understand how the many types of ion channels present in a single neuron work together to produce the firing patterns typical of that neuron. Ultimately, we would like to use this knowledge to develop ion channel-targeted pharmacological agents able to differentially regulate firing of different types of neurons and thereby treat pathophysiological behavior such as epilepsy. In previous grant periods, we focused on the functional roles of voltage-dependent calcium channels and sodium channels. The focus in the next grant period is to understand how different potassium channels combine to regulate the firing patterns of specific types of neurons. We will follow up preliminary data showing that inhibition of Kv2, Kv3, and BK potassium channels often causes paradoxical slowing rather than speeding of firing. We will test two possible mechanisms for this effect: enhanced inactivation of Na channels or recruitment of other potassium channels with slower deactivation. An important element of the approach is to compare action potentials in different types of neurons. We will focus on three types of neurons chosen to be examples of major electrophysiological phenotypes: hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons, cerebellar Purkinje neurons, and midbrain dopamine neurons. The experimental design will combine current clamp recordings of action potential firing with voltage- clamp analysis of the underlying currents, using both intact neurons in brain slice and acutely dissociated neurons, which allow fast voltage clamp to study gating on the rapid time scale of the action potential. A key feature o the approach will be to study both action potential firing and channel gating kinetics at 37C. Current clamp and voltage clamp experiments will be directly linked by the action potential clamp technique, in which recordings of natural firing behavior are used as voltage clamp commands to allow pharmacological dissection of the components of current generating patterns of action potentials. The research will include substantial characterization of pharmacological agents to block potassium channel subtypes.

Public Health Relevance

Understanding the basic mechanisms that control the excitability of central neurons will help in understanding the normal function of the nervous system as well as pathophysiology resulting from epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, and other disorders. Characterization of blockers targeted to specific channels will provide useful tools for neuroscience research and may lead to new ways of controlling pathophysiology.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
2R01NS036855-17
Application #
8696400
Study Section
Neurotransporters, Receptors, and Calcium Signaling Study Section (NTRC)
Program Officer
Talley, Edmund M
Project Start
1997-07-01
Project End
2019-01-31
Budget Start
2014-02-01
Budget End
2015-01-31
Support Year
17
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$446,948
Indirect Cost
$183,262
Name
Harvard University
Department
Biology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
047006379
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02115
Wang, Weiwei; Touhara, Kouki K; Weir, Keiko et al. (2016) Cooperative regulation by G proteins and Na(+) of neuronal GIRK2 K(+) channels. Elife 5:
Yamada-Hanff, Jason; Bean, Bruce P (2015) Activation of Ih and TTX-sensitive sodium current at subthreshold voltages during CA1 pyramidal neuron firing. J Neurophysiol 114:2376-89
Bean, Bruce P (2015) Pore dilation reconsidered. Nat Neurosci 18:1534-5
Kimm, Tilia; Khaliq, Zayd M; Bean, Bruce P (2015) Differential Regulation of Action Potential Shape and Burst-Frequency Firing by BK and Kv2 Channels in Substantia Nigra Dopaminergic Neurons. J Neurosci 35:16404-17
Ellis, Samantha; Kalinowski, Danuta S; Leotta, Lisa et al. (2014) Potent antimycobacterial activity of the pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone analog 2-pyridylcarboxaldehyde isonicotinoyl hydrazone: a lipophilic transport vehicle for isonicotinic acid hydrazide. Mol Pharmacol 85:269-78
Kimm, Tilia; Bean, Bruce P (2014) Inhibition of A-type potassium current by the peptide toxin SNX-482. J Neurosci 34:9182-9
Jo, Sooyeon; Bean, Bruce P (2014) Sidedness of carbamazepine accessibility to voltage-gated sodium channels. Mol Pharmacol 85:381-7
Liu, Pin W; Bean, Bruce P (2014) Kv2 channel regulation of action potential repolarization and firing patterns in superior cervical ganglion neurons and hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons. J Neurosci 34:4991-5002
Yamada-Hanff, Jason; Bean, Bruce P (2013) Persistent sodium current drives conditional pacemaking in CA1 pyramidal neurons under muscarinic stimulation. J Neurosci 33:15011-21
Liu, Pin; Jo, Sooyeon; Bean, Bruce P (2012) Modulation of neuronal sodium channels by the sea anemone peptide BDS-I. J Neurophysiol 107:3155-67

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