Tobacco use is one of the greatest causes of preventable death and disease in human history. Over the next two decades, deaths due to tobacco will soar to 4.2 million annually in Asian countries, nearly twice that of developed regions. India and Indonesia are especially hard hit by the tobacco epidemic and cigarette consumption is actually increasing in both countries. Tobacco cessation capacity is in its infancy in India and virtually nonexistent in Indonesia. Cessation represents the only realistic means of significantly reducing the toll of death and disease from tobacco in the first part of this century. The current project will emphasize capacity building in both of these countries and will focus on creating an infrastructure to promote cessation among tobacco users. We have brought together an outstanding team of international experts in a cross-disciplinary effort to do needed formative research, cessation trials, and training. Key objectives of the project include: developing knowledge capacity through intensive training in state-of-the-art research in tobacco cessation for collaborating researchers, fostering experiential capacity through formative research and expanding educational system capacity. A major objective will be widespread dissemination of study findings both during and following the conclusion of the project.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Fogarty International Center (FIC)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01TW005969-04
Application #
6918048
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-SRRB-Q (M1))
Program Officer
Primack, Aron
Project Start
2002-07-01
Project End
2007-06-30
Budget Start
2005-07-01
Budget End
2006-06-30
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2005
Total Cost
$355,500
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Department
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Type
Schools of Public Health
DUNS #
555917996
City
Minneapolis
State
MN
Country
United States
Zip Code
55455
Thankappan, K R (2014) Tobacco cessation in India: a priority health intervention. Indian J Med Res 139:484-6
Thankappan, Kavumpurathu Raman; Mini, Gomathy Krishnakurup; Hariharan, Meenu et al. (2014) Smoking cessation among diabetic patients in Kerala, India: 1-year follow-up results from a pilot randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care 37:e256-7
Mini, Gk; Nichter, Mark; Thankappan, Kr (2014) Does increased knowledge of risk and complication of smoking on diabetes affect quit rate? Findings from a randomized controlled trial in kerala, India. Tob Use Insights 7:27-30
Thankappan, K R; Mini, G K; Daivadanam, Meena et al. (2013) Smoking cessation among diabetes patients: results of a pilot randomized controlled trial in Kerala, India. BMC Public Health 13:47
Thankappan, K R; Yamini, T R; Mini, G K et al. (2013) Assessing the readiness to integrate tobacco control in medical curriculum: experiences from five medical colleges in Southern India. Natl Med J India 26:18-23
Nichter, Mark; Nichter, Mimi; Muramoto, Myra et al. (2010) Project Quit Tobacco International: laying the groundwork for tobacco cessation in low- and middle-income countries. Asia Pac J Public Health 22:181S-188S
Thresia, C U; Thankappan, K R; Nichter, M (2009) The need for cessation of tobacco use among patients with tuberculosis in Kerala. Natl Med J India 22:333
Muramoto, Myra L; Lando, Harry (2009) Faculty development in tobacco cessation: training health professionals and promoting tobacco control in developing countries. Drug Alcohol Rev 28:498-506
Thresia, C U; Thankappan, K R; Nichter, M (2009) Smoking cessation and diabetes control in Kerala, India: an urgent need for health education. Health Educ Res 24:839-45
Nichter, Mimi; Padmawati, S; Danardono, M et al. (2009) Reading culture from tobacco advertisements in Indonesia. Tob Control 18:98-107

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