This study proposes to conduct secondary data analyses of the National Survey of Children and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW), a nationally representative longitudinal study of families investigated for child abuse and neglect.
The aim of this project is to inform service provision targeted at families in contact with child welfare services primarily due to the inability to secure safe and affordable housing. Findings will inform the development of an R01 proposal to use a natural randomized-controlled trial to test the effects of housing voucher provision compared to services-as-usual. The present study intends to test the hypothesis that housing instability disrupts the development of emotional, behavioral, and academic outcomes in children. Analyses will, first, examine within-individual changes on housing instability and associated growth in developmental outcomes over time. By explicitly modeling housing changes, analyses directly estimate the effects of moving into and out of housing stability on developmental growth trajectories. Analyses also propose to examine whether child developmental problems are mitigated or prevented when caregivers receive housing vouchers (formerly known as Section 8). If housing instability predicts outcomes, then the receipt of assistance to find and pay for housing should relate to better outcomes. In the absence of experimental data, this study proposes to use propensity score matching (PSM) procedures to minimize selection bias and test the effects of housing vouchers on child welfare-involved families.

Public Health Relevance

The aim of this project is to inform service provision targeted at families in contact with child welfare services due to the inability to secure safe and affordable housing. Findings will inform the understanding of risk for housing instability and the development of housing interventions.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Small Research Grants (R03)
Project #
5R03HD066066-02
Application #
8104179
Study Section
Pediatrics Subcommittee (CHHD)
Program Officer
Bures, Regina M
Project Start
2010-07-02
Project End
2013-05-31
Budget Start
2011-06-01
Budget End
2013-05-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$69,360
Indirect Cost
Name
De Paul University
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
045694130
City
Chicago
State
IL
Country
United States
Zip Code
60604
Fowler, Patrick J; Marcal, Katherine E; Zhang, Jinjin et al. (2017) Homelessness and Aging Out of Foster Care: A National Comparison of Child Welfare-Involved Adolescents. Child Youth Serv Rev 77:27-33
Rufa, Anne K; Fowler, Patrick J (2016) Kinship foster care among African American youth: Interaction effects at multiple contextual levels. J Soc Serv Res 42:26-40
Fowler, Patrick J; Henry, David B; Marcal, Katherine E (2015) Family and housing instability: Longitudinal impact on adolescent emotional and behavioral well-being. Soc Sci Res 53:364-74
Fowler, Patrick J; Motley, Darnell; Zhang, Jinjin et al. (2015) Adolescent maltreatment in the child welfare system and developmental patterns of sexual risk behaviors. Child Maltreat 20:50-60
Fowler, Patrick J; McGrath, Lauren M; Henry, David B et al. (2015) Housing mobility and cognitive development: Change in verbal and nonverbal abilities. Child Abuse Negl 48:104-18
Fowler, Patrick J; Henry, David B; Schoeny, Michael et al. (2014) Developmental timing of housing mobility: longitudinal effects on externalizing behaviors among at-risk youth. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 53:199-208
Fowler, Patrick J; Henry, David B; Schoeny, Michael et al. (2013) Inadequate housing among families under investigation for child abuse and neglect: prevalence from a national probability sample. Am J Community Psychol 52:106-14
Fowler, Patrick J; Taylor, Jeremy J; Rufa, Anne K (2011) Housing services for child welfare-involved families: an initial evaluation using observational data. Child Welfare 90:107-26