Human monoclonal antibodies (mAb) are increasingly being used and developed for therapy and diagnosis in treating cancer, infection, and many inflammatory diseases. Despite recent advances in recombinant DNA technology, multiplexed screening tools, and fluid handling robots, it is a long and laborious process to identifying desired mAbs from human subjects. Herein, we propose a strategy for pairing cognate immunoglobulin heavy and light chain genes from the mixture of human B cells for unbiased, global mining of 'natural'antibody repertoires. Subsequently, human antibody libraries will be expressed in a system called, the 'yeast surface 2-hybrid', which we developed for the expression of a pair of proteins for interaction and discovery studies. Full-length antibodies expressed on the surface of yeast can be released by enzymatic proteolysis, which will facilitate downstream assays requiring soluble form of antibodies.
Specific aims for the proposed study are 1) Devise a method for the pairing of cognate IgG heavy and light chain genes from a mixture of antibody producing cells;2) Validate the platform for global, unbiased display and panning of natural human antibody repertoires. We will perform massively parallel sequencing to evaluate the diversity and any bias in our antibody library. Furthermore, we will examine the capacity of the proposed platform to isolate mAbs against selected common vaccine antigens (Pertussis, Hepatitis B virus).

Public Health Relevance

Increasing number of monoclonal antibodies are entering clinics for the treatment of cancer, infection, and diseases of autoimmunity and inflammation. Current technology for developing antibodies directly from human blood still requires a long, laborious process to fully tap into the vast potential of natural human antibody repertoires for therapy. We propose a novel strategy for global, unbiased mining of human antibodies for rapid discovery of monoclonal antibodies against a large set of antigens.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Exploratory/Developmental Grants (R21)
Project #
1R21AI107451-01
Application #
8570136
Study Section
Cellular and Molecular Immunology - A Study Section (CMIA)
Program Officer
Ferguson, Stacy E
Project Start
2013-05-21
Project End
2015-04-30
Budget Start
2013-05-21
Budget End
2014-04-30
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$195,630
Indirect Cost
$78,130
Name
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Department
Radiation-Diagnostic/Oncology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
060217502
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10065