We are studying how collagen cross-links have evolved to adapt human bone, cartilage and other supporting tissues for their distinctive functions. We have raised the structure which predicts a novel chemistry and critical role for pyrrole cross-links in bone collagen and identified a previously unknown cross-link, arginoline, in cartilage collagen. We propose and will seek to validate a unified theory of oxidative maturation for cross-links in the fibrillar collagens of all tissues. Though the lysyl oxidase cross-linking mechanism was discovered in the 1970s, much is still unknown. Post-translational differences in collagen quality between individuals, notably in the cross-linking chemistry of bone and cartilages, are potential risk factors for osteoporotic fracture and joint failure. They result from cumulative environmental influences rather than a direct genetic basis. We are pursuing this through analyses of bone, cartilage and other skeletal tissue collagens using advanced mass spectrometric protein techniques. The clinical significance is the promise of new molecular targets in the effort to meet the public health challenges of osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. Skeletal tissues depend heavily on the cross-linking of highly specialized collagens for their unique strengths, properties and longevity. The translational aim, therefore, is to seek new molecular targets for therapy and non- invasive biomarkers based on urinary collagen peptides that can index a patient's bone quality, joint cartilage breakdown rate and other measures of skeletal health.

Public Health Relevance

Using the power of protein mass spectrometry the goal is to complete a basic scientific understanding of how different skeletal collagens are covalently cross-linked. Qualitative differences in bone collagen cross-linking that develop with age and may to be linked to risk of osteoporotic fracture independent of bone density are of particular interest. In parallel with basic tissue studies, collagen fragments in urine are being examined by similar methods as potential non-invasive biomarkers of a patient's bone and joint health.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
Type
Method to Extend Research in Time (MERIT) Award (R37)
Project #
5R37AR037318-26
Application #
8303028
Study Section
Skeletal Biology Development and Disease Study Section (SBDD)
Program Officer
Tyree, Bernadette
Project Start
1986-07-01
Project End
2015-07-31
Budget Start
2012-08-01
Budget End
2013-07-31
Support Year
26
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$336,960
Indirect Cost
$120,960
Name
University of Washington
Department
Orthopedics
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
605799469
City
Seattle
State
WA
Country
United States
Zip Code
98195
Murdoch, Alan D; Hardingham, Timothy E; Eyre, David R et al. (2016) The development of a mature collagen network in cartilage from human bone marrow stem cells in Transwell culture. Matrix Biol 50:16-26
Lindert, Uschi; Cabral, Wayne A; Ausavarat, Surasawadee et al. (2016) MBTPS2 mutations cause defective regulated intramembrane proteolysis in X-linked osteogenesis imperfecta. Nat Commun 7:11920
Hosseininia, S; Weis, M A; Rai, J et al. (2016) Evidence for enhanced collagen type III deposition focally in the territorial matrix of osteoarthritic hip articular cartilage. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 24:1029-35
Fratzl-Zelman, Nadja; Barnes, Aileen M; Weis, MaryAnn et al. (2016) Non-Lethal Type VIII Osteogenesis Imperfecta Has Elevated Bone Matrix Mineralization. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 101:3516-25
Heard, Melissa E; Besio, Roberta; Weis, MaryAnn et al. (2016) Sc65-Null Mice Provide Evidence for a Novel Endoplasmic Reticulum Complex Regulating Collagen Lysyl Hydroxylation. PLoS Genet 12:e1006002
Herchenhan, Andreas; Uhlenbrock, Franziska; Eliasson, Pernilla et al. (2015) Lysyl Oxidase Activity Is Required for Ordered Collagen Fibrillogenesis by Tendon Cells. J Biol Chem 290:16440-50
Lietman, Caressa D; Marom, Ronit; Munivez, Elda et al. (2015) A transgenic mouse model of OI type V supports a neomorphic mechanism of the IFITM5 mutation. J Bone Miner Res 30:489-98
Duran, Ivan; Nevarez, Lisette; Sarukhanov, Anna et al. (2015) HSP47 and FKBP65 cooperate in the synthesis of type I procollagen. Hum Mol Genet 24:1918-28
Hudson, David M; Joeng, Kyu Sang; Werther, Rachel et al. (2015) Post-translationally abnormal collagens of prolyl 3-hydroxylase-2 null mice offer a pathobiological mechanism for the high myopia linked to human LEPREL1 mutations. J Biol Chem 290:8613-22
Lindert, Uschi; Weis, Mary Ann; Rai, Jyoti et al. (2015) Molecular Consequences of the SERPINH1/HSP47 Mutation in the Dachshund Natural Model of Osteogenesis Imperfecta. J Biol Chem 290:17679-89

Showing the most recent 10 out of 44 publications