The prostate is a mobile organ that demonstrates momentary and daily changes in position and shape that critically affect accurate delivery of radiation therapy. For this reason, in modern technically demanding radiation therapy for prostate cancer, it is standard practice to localize the prostate on most days treatment as an aid to achieve the goal of delivering a high dose to the prostate while protecting nearby radiosensitive normal tissues. The Phase I study established the feasibility of a novel approach that uses unique mathematical properties of a class of statistically trainable deformable shape models to estimate treatment image data by mapping reference CT image data into the treatment space based on measured positions of markers implanted in the prostate. The estimated images capture the pose, position and shape of the prostate during treatment and are suitable for accurate calculation of dose delivered to the prostate and immediately surrounding tissues. The first two years of this Phase II study will focus on design and development of a clinical prototype system based on this creative technology. The prototype will be evaluated in the clinical setting during the third year. The envisioned commercial form will accept input data from multiple devices including the treatment planning system, treatment machine, and marker tracking system, and will communicate output data to the treatment planning system. Within a few seconds the proposed prototype will use input data to automatically compute the estimated treatment image and calculate delivered dose. The proposed system will leverage work accomplished under a currently active Phase II project (R44 CA119571) that will allow the prototype to be used with intra-treatment imaging devices as well as marker-trackers. Moreover the proposed approach may enable a form of dose computation, called synchronized dynamic dose reconstruction, needed for the most accurate form of ART.

Public Health Relevance

The prostate is a mobile organ that demonstrates momentary and daily changes in position and shape that critically affect accurate delivery of radiation therapy. For this reason, in modern technically demanding radiation therapy for prostate cancer, it is standard practice to localize the prostate on most days treatment as an aid to achieve the goal of delivering a high dose to the prostate while protecting nearby radiosensitive normal tissues. The Phase I study established the feasibility of a novel approach that uses unique mathematical properties of a class of statistically trainable deformable shape models to estimate treatment image data by mapping reference CT image data into the treatment space based on measured positions of markers implanted in the prostate. The estimated images capture the pose, position and shape of the prostate during treatment and are suitable for accurate calculation of dose delivered to the prostate and immediately surrounding tissues. The first two years of this Phase II study will focus on design and development of a clinical prototype system based on this creative technology. The prototype will be evaluated in the clinical setting during the third year. The envisioned commercial form will accept input data from multiple devices including the treatment planning system, treatment machine, and marker tracking system, and will communicate output data to the treatment planning system. Within a few seconds the proposed prototype will use input data to automatically compute the estimated treatment image and calculate delivered dose. The proposed system will leverage work accomplished under a currently active Phase II project (R44 CA119571) that will allow the prototype to be used with intra-treatment imaging devices as well as marker-trackers. Moreover the proposed approach may enable a form of dose computation, called synchronized dynamic dose reconstruction, needed for the most accurate form of ART. This project will contribute to public health in two ways: 1) It will allow an intra-treatment-image-guided form of treatment planning called Adaptive Radiation Planning that assures a close match between the planned and actual delivered doses;and 2) It will provide a needed but currently missing quality assurance step to confirm the safety of the delivered dose for each treatment session. This contribution is especially significant in light of a series of recent mistreatments that have led many to believe that new planning and delivery technologies have outpaced the development of clinically practical methods to independently validate safe planning and delivery.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Small Business Innovation Research Grants (SBIR) - Phase II (R44)
Project #
5R44CA141941-03
Application #
8338894
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-OTC-R (11))
Program Officer
Narayanan, Deepa
Project Start
2009-08-01
Project End
2014-08-31
Budget Start
2012-09-01
Budget End
2013-08-31
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$436,826
Indirect Cost
Name
Morphormics, Inc.
Department
Type
DUNS #
188546803
City
Durham
State
NC
Country
United States
Zip Code
27707