The NIEHS Training Program in Environmental Health Sciences is in its thirtieth year and has supported 57 current and former pre-doctoral and 26 current and former postdoctoral trainees since 2003. Thirty-seven former pre-doctoral and twenty-one former postdoctoral trainees are in career positions in the private sector/industry, government or academia. There are currently 15 pre-doctoral and 7 postdoctoral trainees. Combined, current and former trainees have published over 280 peer-reviewed papers and book chapters. The need for this Training Program arises directly from the vision statement for the NIEHS that is being refined in the new 2012 Strategic Plan to ... "provide global leadership for innovative research that improves public health by preventing disability and disease from our environment". At the core for the implementation of this vision is the need to "recruit and train the next generation of environmental health scientists". The Johns Hopkins Training Program is uniquely situated to make important contributions to the national efforts of NIEHS to achieve this vision by being anchored within the large, multidisciplinary Hopkins School of Public Health. In this renewal application, based on the foci of research of the training faculty, the investigators have framed the Training Program into three areas: Molecular Mechanisms of Toxicity;Environmental Epidemiology/Exposure Sciences and Translational Toxicology. Within these three broad areas, the research being conducted by the faculty together with their pre- and postdoctoral trainees addresses one or more of the following topics: a) Mechanisms of disease pathobiology;b) Development and application of biomarkers of the pathobiology (e.g. biomarkers of response, effect, susceptibility);c) Development of prevention intervention and translational strategies;and, d) Environmental disease epidemiology. Within these areas, the research addresses a number of diseases to which environmental exposures contribute including cancer, COPD, asthma, CVD and neurodegenerative diseases. The Program is both interdisciplinary and interdepartmental. Training faculty members involved in the current application are from the Departments of Environmental Health Sciences (EHS), Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, in the School of Public Health and from the School of Medicine's Departments of Oncology and Comparative Medicine. All hold primary or joint appointments in EHS. In this renewal application the investigators are requesting 15 pre-doctoral positions and 4 postdoctoral positions.

Public Health Relevance

The Training Program is directly relevant to the health burden of environmental exposures on people living in the U.S. and throughout the world. The mission of this Training Program is to provide the academic and research foundation for graduate and post-graduate scientists to become future leaders of interdisciplinary research projects that seek to understand the role that environmental exposures play in the etiology and exacerbation of human disease and apply this knowledge to develop prevention and intervention strategies. The Program prepares trainees to be the next generation of environmental health researchers who will set and address the nation's environmental health research agenda with the goal of reducing incidence, morbidity, recurrence, and mortality, and the disparities in diseases including cancer, COPD, cardiovascular disease and neurological disorders.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
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Environmental Health Sciences Review Committee (EHS)
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Shreffler, Carol K
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Johns Hopkins University
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Schools of Public Health
United States
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Rivera-Mariani, Felix E; Matsui, Elizabeth C; Breysse, Patrick N (2014) Performance of the halogen immunoassay to assess airborne mouse allergen-containing particles in a laboratory animal facility. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 24:3-8
McHugh, Colleen A; Fontana, Juan; Nemecek, Daniel et al. (2014) A virus capsid-like nanocompartment that stores iron and protects bacteria from oxidative stress. EMBO J 33:1896-911
Rivera-Mariani, Felix E; Vysyaraju, Kranthi; Negherbon, Jesse et al. (2014) Comparison of the interleukin-1*-inducing potency of allergenic spores from higher fungi (basidiomycetes) in a cryopreserved human whole blood system. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 163:154-62
Abbott Chalew, Talia E; Ajmani, Gaurav S; Huang, Haiou et al. (2013) Evaluating nanoparticle breakthrough during drinking water treatment. Environ Health Perspect 121:1161-6
Coulter, Jonathan B; O'Driscoll, Cliona M; Bressler, Joseph P (2013) Hydroquinone increases 5-hydroxymethylcytosine formation through ten eleven translocation 1 (TET1) 5-methylcytosine dioxygenase. J Biol Chem 288:28792-800
Nachman, Rebecca M; Fox, Stephen D; Golden, W Christopher et al. (2013) Urinary free bisphenol A and bisphenol A-glucuronide concentrations in newborns. J Pediatr 162:870-2
Rivera-Mariani, Felix E; Mihalic, Jana N; Rule, Ana M et al. (2013) Immunodetection and quantification of airborne (1-3)-ýý-D-glucan-carrying particles with the halogen immunoassay. J Immunol Methods 388:86-9
Abbott Chalew, Talia E; Schwab, Kellogg J (2013) Toxicity of commercially available engineered nanoparticles to Caco-2 and SW480 human intestinal epithelial cells. Cell Biol Toxicol 29:101-16
Lajoie, Stephane; Wills-Karp, Marsha (2013) New twist on an ancient innate immune pathway. Immunity 39:1000-2
O'Driscoll, Cliona M; Coulter, Jonathan B; Bressler, Joseph P (2013) Induction of a trophoblast-like phenotype by hydralazine in the p19 embryonic carcinoma cell line. Biochim Biophys Acta 1833:460-7

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