We propose to continue our training program in HIV prevention at the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) in order to develop social, behavioral, and physician scientists with a multi-disciplinary approach to control of the HIV epidemic. We will focus our program, called Traineeships in AIDS Prevention Studies (TAPS), on training future researchers to address three fronts: 1) the development of evidence-based international biomedical and behavioral HIV/AIDS prevention interventions;2) the elimination of prevention and care disparities in the US, and 3) the combining of methods for biological and behavioral interventions. TAPS is well positioned to address the challenges of HIV prevention with an international perspective, a focus on domestic disparities, and a multidisciplinary approach. Trainees include physicians and social/behavioral scientists. They compete a master's of public health, clinical research, or global health sciences if they do not already have an equivalent degree;take a course in research methods and in the ethical conduct of research;participate in weekly TAPS seminars;participate in peer reviews;teach;complete at least one significant research project- write at least one grant proposal;and submit several papers for publication. Our first nineteen years has produced an excellent record of accomplishments in research, public health and teaching by past trainees. Since 1989 the TAPS program has trained 90 postdoctoral fellows, including 20 from underrepresented minorities, of whom 88 are in the program or have gone on to excellent positions in academic institutions and departments of public health. The overall productivity record of the program is outstanding, with 623 publications and 274 funded research projects in the past 10 years. Renewal will permit us to continue 12fellows in the program, 4 to 5 new fellows per year. The program is housed at the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS), in partnership with the Institute for Global Health (IGH) and within UCSF's AIDS Research Institute, an extremely productive research environment. CAPS provides trainees with space, a computer network, regularly scheduled lectures, seminars, and peer reviews, and access to a wide range of researchers from different disciplines.
There are an estimated 33 million people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide. The goal of this program is to help train scientists from diverse fields of inquiry and backgrounds so that they will develop social/behavioral and biomedical HIV/AIDS prevention approaches that will effectively address what many consider to be the defining health challenge of our era.
|Reid, Michael J A; Fischer, Rebecca S B; Mannathoko, Naledi et al. (2017) Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus Nasal Carriage in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected and Uninfected Children in Botswana: Prevalence and Risk Factors. Am J Trop Med Hyg 96:795-801|
|Vincent, Wilson; Pollack, Lance M; Huebner, David M et al. (2017) HIV risk and multiple sources of heterosexism among young Black men who have sex with men. J Consult Clin Psychol 85:1122-1130|
|Brown, Lillian B; Ayieko, James; Mwangwa, Florence et al. (2017) Predictors of Retention in HIV Care Among Youth (15-24) in a Universal Test-and-Treat Setting in Rural Kenya. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 76:e15-e18|
|Reid, Michael J A; Baxi, Sanjiv M; Sheira, Lila A et al. (2017) Higher Body Mass Index Is Associated With Greater Proportions of Effector CD8+ T Cells Expressing CD57 in Women Living With HIV. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 75:e132-e141|
|Flentje, Annesa; Shumway, Martha; Wong, Lauren H et al. (2017) Psychiatric Risk in Unstably Housed Sexual Minority Women: Relationship between Sexual and Racial Minority Status and Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Psychiatric Diagnoses. Womens Health Issues 27:294-301|
|Arnold, Emily A; Weeks, John; Benjamin, Michael et al. (2017) Identifying social and economic barriers to regular care and treatment for Black men who have sex with men and women (BMSMW) and who are living with HIV: a qualitative study from the Bruthas cohort. BMC Health Serv Res 17:90|
|Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Le Roux, Karl; Le Roux, Ingrid M et al. (2017) To evaluate if increased supervision and support of South African Government health workers' home visits improves maternal and child outcomes: study protocol for a randomized control trial. Trials 18:368|
|Reid, Michael; Ma, Yifei; Scherzer, Rebecca et al. (2017) Higher CD163 levels are associated with insulin resistance in hepatitis C virus-infected and HIV-infected adults. AIDS 31:385-393|
|Kutner, Bryan A; Nelson, Kimberly M; Simoni, Jane M et al. (2017) Factors Associated with Sexual Risk of HIV Transmission Among HIV-Positive Latino Men Who have Sex with Men on the U.S.-México Border. AIDS Behav 21:923-934|
|Kelly, J Daniel; Reid, Michael J; Lahiff, Maureen et al. (2017) Community-Level HIV Stigma as a Driver for HIV Transmission Risk Behaviors and Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Sierra Leone: A Population-Based Study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 75:399-407|
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