We propose to continue our training program in HIV prevention at the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) in order to develop social, behavioral, and physician scientists with a multi-disciplinary approach to control of the HIV epidemic. We will focus our program, called Traineeships in AIDS Prevention Studies (TAPS), on training future researchers to address three fronts: 1) the development of evidence-based international biomedical and behavioral HIV/AIDS prevention interventions;2) the elimination of prevention and care disparities in the US, and 3) the combining of methods for biological and behavioral interventions. TAPS is well positioned to address the challenges of HIV prevention with an international perspective, a focus on domestic disparities, and a multidisciplinary approach. Trainees include physicians and social/behavioral scientists. They compete a master's of public health, clinical research, or global health sciences if they do not already have an equivalent degree;take a course in research methods and in the ethical conduct of research;participate in weekly TAPS seminars;participate in peer reviews;teach; complete at least one significant research project- write at least one grant proposal;and submit several papers for publication. Our first nineteen years has produced an excellent record of accomplishments in research, public health and teaching by past trainees. Since 1989 the TAPS program has trained 90 postdoctoral fellows, including 20 from underrepresented minorities, of whom 88 are in the program or have gone on to excellent positions in academic institutions and departments of public health. The overall productivity record of the program is outstanding, with 623 publications and 274 funded research projects in the past 10 years. Renewal will permit us to continue 12fellows in the program, 4 to 5 new fellows per year. The program is housed at the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS), in partnership with the Institute for Global Health (IGH) and within UCSF's AIDS Research Institute, an extremely productive research environment. CAPS provides trainees with space, a computer network, regularly scheduled lectures, seminars, and peer reviews, and access to a wide range of researchers from different disciplines.

Public Health Relevance

There are an estimated 33 million people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide. The goal of this program is to help train scientists from diverse fields of inquiry and backgrounds so that they will develop social/behavioral and biomedical HIV/AIDS prevention approaches that will effectively address what many consider to be the defining health challenge of our era.;

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-ERB-H (11))
Program Officer
Stoff, David M
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University of California San Francisco
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
San Francisco
United States
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Conroy, Amy A (2015) The influence of relationship power dynamics on HIV testing in rural Malawi. J Sex Res 52:347-59
Ramezani, Amitis; Amirmoezi, Reihaneh; Volk, Jonathan E et al. (2014) HCV, HBV, and HIV seroprevalence, coinfections, and related behaviors among male injection drug users in Arak, Iran. AIDS Care 26:1122-6
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Conroy, Amy A; Chilungo, Abdallah (2014) Male victims of sexual violence in rural Malawi: the overlooked association with HIV infection. AIDS Care 26:1576-80
Woolf-King, Sarah E; Neilands, Torsten B; Dilworth, Samantha E et al. (2014) Alcohol use and HIV disease management: the impact of individual and partner-level alcohol use among HIV-positive men who have sex with men. AIDS Care 26:702-8
Scott, Hyman M; Vittinghoff, Eric; Irvin, Risha et al. (2014) Age, race/ethnicity, and behavioral risk factors associated with per contact risk of HIV infection among men who have sex with men in the United States. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 65:115-21
Conroy, Amy A (2014) Marital infidelity and intimate partner violence in rural Malawi: a dyadic investigation. Arch Sex Behav 43:1303-14
Arnold, Emily A; Rebchook, Gregory M; Kegeles, Susan M (2014) 'Triply cursed': racism, homophobia and HIV-related stigma are barriers to regular HIV testing, treatment adherence and disclosure among young Black gay men. Cult Health Sex 16:710-22

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