Affective science is concerned with emotions and emotion-related phenomena such as moods, emotional traits, and emotion-based pathology. Given that over 80% of mental disorders involve emotion disturbances, it is evident that affective science is central to the mission of NIMH. Rapid growth in the field of affective science has been accompanied by scientific specialization that has had both benefits and costs. Among the benefits are increasingly mature theories and an explosion of methodological advances and empirically-derived knowledge concerning aspects of affect ranging from molecular to molar levels. Among the costs are increasingly narrow training and growing isolation among areas of specialization, resulting in basic affective scientists who are less aware of the larger applied context, and applied affective scientists who are less aware of work on basic processes. This multi-university training program is predicated on the idea that fostering an appreciation and understanding of the theories, methods, and data of areas of affective science beyond one's own area of specialization lays the groundwork for better communication among subspecialties, more interdisciplinary collaborations, and stronger bidirectional links between basic science and clinical translation. The training faculty are specialists in all aspects of affect, including neurobiological, psychological, developmental, and social methods. Since its inception, the training program has nurtured the development of a highly productive group of researchers, including some of the leading scientists in affective science. This revised application builds on the rich legacy of this program and presents a highly focused training program designed to train the next generation of affective scientists. Four new predoctoral trainees will be selected each year - one from each of the four participating Bay Area universities (Stanford University and the Berkeley, Davis, and San Francisco campuses of the University of California). Trainees will participate in a two-year training sequence. Training will take place in a year-long seminar at Berkeley, specialized methods workshops led by training faculty across the four campuses, a structured research rotation in a laboratory outside each trainee's own laboratory, and an annual conference/workshop where trainees'research findings are shared and discussed. Close mentoring and monitoring of trainee progress will be maintained throughout. This training program provides clear added value for trainees, faculty, and departments/universities. The added value of this program flows from (1) exposure to state-of-the-art methods, (2) interactions among trainees and faculty, (3) opportunities for professional development, and (4) cross-fertilization across research programs, laboratories, departments, and universities. The training and resources provided by this program are designed to promote exceptional productivity and academic success among trainees.

Public Health Relevance

This predoctoral Affective Science Training Program draws upon the specialized knowledge and methodological expertise of 32 faculty spanning four Bay Area universities (Stanford University and the Berkeley, Davis, and San Francisco campuses of the University of California). The focus of this Training Program is the application of affective science to mental health,. The goal of this two-year intensive training program is to train a new generation of affective science researchers who will conduct cutting edge research and will apply this new knowledge as they address a range of mental health issues.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
2T32MH020006-16A1
Application #
8667293
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1)
Program Officer
Chavez, Mark
Project Start
1998-07-01
Project End
2019-06-30
Budget Start
2014-07-01
Budget End
2015-06-30
Support Year
16
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of California Berkeley
Department
Type
University-Wide
DUNS #
City
Berkeley
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
94704
Miller, Jonas G; Kahle, Sarah; Hastings, Paul D (2016) Moderate Baseline Vagal Tone Predicts Greater Prosociality in Children. Dev Psychol :
Caouette, Justin D; Guyer, Amanda E (2016) Cognitive distortions mediate depression and affective response to social acceptance and rejection. J Affect Disord 190:792-9
Lagattuta, Kristin Hansen; Elrod, Noel M; Kramer, Hannah J (2016) How do thoughts, emotions, and decisions align? A new way to examine theory of mind during middle childhood and beyond. J Exp Child Psychol 149:116-33
Leong, Josiah K; Pestilli, Franco; Wu, Charlene C et al. (2016) White-Matter Tract Connecting Anterior Insula to Nucleus Accumbens Correlates with Reduced Preference for Positively Skewed Gambles. Neuron 89:63-9
Kramer, Hannah J; Goldfarb, Deborah; Tashjian, Sarah M et al. (2016) ""These Pretzels Are Making Me Thirsty"": Older Children and Adults Struggle With Induced-State Episodic Foresight. Child Dev :
Kort, Naomi S; Cuesta, Pablo; Houde, John F et al. (2016) Bihemispheric network dynamics coordinating vocal feedback control. Hum Brain Mapp 37:1474-85
Tsai, Richard M; Leong, Josiah K; Dutt, Shubir et al. (2015) The Chinese Verbal Learning Test specifically assesses hippocampal state. Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen 30:412-6
Luerssen, Anna; Gyurak, Anett; Ayduk, Ozlem et al. (2015) Delay of gratification in childhood linked to cortical interactions with the nucleus accumbens. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 10:1769-76
Muhtadie, Luma; Koslov, Katrina; Akinola, Modupe et al. (2015) Vagal flexibility: A physiological predictor of social sensitivity. J Pers Soc Psychol 109:106-20
Ford, Brett Q; Dmitrieva, Julia O; Heller, Daniel et al. (2015) Culture shapes whether the pursuit of happiness predicts higher or lower well-being. J Exp Psychol Gen 144:1053-62

Showing the most recent 10 out of 78 publications