With 83% of state prisoners reporting drug use (Mumola &Karberg, 2006) and 700,000 prisoners re-entering U.S. communities annually (Glaze &Bonczar, 2006), there is a need for organizational studies on how to design effective systems of continuous care for re-entering offenders. Kentucky provides an ideal setting to study re-entry because Kentucky is ranked in the top 3 states for increases in'the number inmates (Harrison &Beck, 2006) as well as the number of parolees (BJS, 2006). This continuation application is submitted by the University of Kentucky to further understand re-entry by continuing the Central States Center in CJ-DATS 2. Our CJ-DATS 1 Center successes include: Involvement in 7 protocols which exceeded the number by any other Center;Leading the only woman-focused protocol;Developing a true stakeholder-centered infrastructure which resulted in the innovative Kentucky Re-Entry Guidelines;Research activities which produced 26 manuscripts and 16 presentations by our team as well as data to allow other CJ-DATS 1 researchers to publish. CJ-DATS 1 also provided the infrastructure to develop a statewide outcome study and 2 NIDA grant applications. Our Center's innovative vision will uniquely contribute to the scientific knowledge on the organizational and system changes necessary to implement and sustain evidence-based interventions (APA, 2006) across a continuum of care at re-entry in diverse criminal justice and community organizational settings. Our conceptual approach draws upon selected theoretical frameworks of organizational change to implement the Center's vision and our 3 Research Concepts. This application presents 4 established partner-rich Center Committees to: (1) Plan, (2) Implement, (3) Collect/Analyze Data and (4) Develop Publications in concert with our Center Steering Committee and the national CJ-DATS 2 Steering Committee. Letters of commitment include our states'Corrections Commissioner, Director of Substance Abuse, Commissioner of Public Health, state substance abuse officials, public safety officials, and treatment organizations which support our innovative vision as well as our rural and urban interests.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDA1-MXS-M (01))
Program Officer
Jones, Dionne
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
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Fiscal Year
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Indirect Cost
University of Kentucky
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Knudsen, Hannah K; Staton-Tindall, Michele; Oser, Carrie B et al. (2014) Reducing risky relationships: a multisite randomized trial of a prison-based intervention for reducing HIV sexual risk behaviors among women with a history of drug use. AIDS Care 26:1071-9
Visher, Christy A; Hiller, Matthew; Belenko, Steven et al. (2014) The effect of a local change team intervention on staff attitudes towards HIV service delivery in correctional settings: a randomized trial. AIDS Educ Prev 26:411-28
Pearson, Frank S; Shafer, Michael S; Dembo, Richard et al. (2014) Efficacy of a process improvement intervention on delivery of HIV services to offenders: a multisite trial. Am J Public Health 104:2385-91
Belenko, Steven; Hiller, Matthew; Visher, Christy et al. (2013) Policies and practices in the delivery of HIV services in correctional agencies and facilities: results from a multisite survey. J Correct Health Care 19:293-310
Harp, Kathi L H; Oser, Carrie; Leukefeld, Carl (2012) Social support and crack/cocaine use among incarcerated mothers and nonmothers. Subst Use Misuse 47:686-94
Staton-Tindall, Michele; Frisman, Linda; Lin, Hsui-Ju et al. (2011) Relationship influence and health risk behavior among re-entering women offenders. Womens Health Issues 21:230-8
Oser, Carrie B; Biebel, Elizabeth P; Havens, Jennifer R et al. (2009) Inmate Pre-Release Assessment (IPASS) Aftercare Placement Recommendation as a Predictor of Rural Inmate's 12-Step Attendance and Treatment Entry Post-Release. J Offender Rehabil 48:725-743
Oser, Carrie; Knudsen, Hannah; Staton-Tindall, Michele et al. (2009) The adoption of wraparound services among substance abuse treatment organizations serving criminal offenders: The role of a women-specific program. Drug Alcohol Depend 103 Suppl 1:S82-90
Oser, Carrie B; Knudsen, Hannah K; Staton-Tindall, Michele et al. (2009) Organizational-level correlates of the provision of detoxification services and medication-based treatments for substance abuse in correctional institutions. Drug Alcohol Depend 103 Suppl 1:S73-81
Leukefeld, Carl; Oser, Carrie B; Havens, Jennifer et al. (2009) Drug abuse treatment beyond prison walls. Addict Sci Clin Pract 5:24-30

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