Spina bifida is the most common permanently disabling birth defect in the United States and requires complex and long-term medical care. Enhanced understanding of care practices of Spina bifida programs and about health outcomes will improve outcomes and quality of life experiences for persons living with Spina bifida. Evidence from other complex and chronic conditions has shown that a National Spina Bifida Patient Registry allows for comparison of outcome data among care centers and identification of strategies to improve outcomes. Assessment by the Spina Bifida Association in collaboration with other groups identified need for a national infrastructure to support clinical research and a systematic approach to improving quality of care for people with Spina bifida. This project will facilitate continued development and implementation of a national patient registry. OHSU has a long history of addressing systems of care for people with Spina bifida, and this project builds on experience that includes systematic collection and evaluation of clinical data. This project contributes to building the clinical evidence base about current health practices in Spina bifida care and health outcomes;this evidence is needed to aid development of national standards of care for people with Spina bifida that can be applied to reduce disparities and improve health outcomes across clinics, populations and regions of the US. The primary objective of this application is to extend participation in the National Spina Bifida Patient Registry via utilizatio of the standardized registry tool to collect data from patients with Spina bifida. A complete source for Spina bifida patient data will make it possible to compare treatments and outcomes of populations and identify areas for future research to guide best clinical practices and improve the lives of persons living with Spina bifida. Continued participation in the project will emphasiz two specific aims. First, we will continue to collect and share specific registry information on al eligible patients with Spina bifida annually. Second, we will spearhead a project investigating the association between age of initiating clean intermittent catheterization and current urinary continence status among youth enrollees ages 5-18 years.

Public Health Relevance

The proposed project involves continued involvement in the National Spina Bifida Patient Registry by continuing to collect registry information on all eligibl patients with Spina Bifida enrolled in the project and sharing that information with the CDC. Additionally, we will continue to implement strategies to integrate documentation of registry data during standard clinical practice, and will evaluate methods of electronic extraction of these data. Finally, we propose an analysis of the association between age of initiating clean intermittent catheterization and current urinary continence status in enrollees ages 5-18 years.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (NCBDD)
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDD1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Oregon Health and Science University
Organized Research Units
United States
Zip Code
Liu, Tiebin; Ouyang, Lijing; Thibadeau, Judy et al. (2018) Longitudinal Study of Bladder Continence in Patients with Spina Bifida in the National Spina Bifida Patient Registry. J Urol 199:837-843
Freeman, Kurt A; Castillo, Heidi; Castillo, Jonathan et al. (2017) Variation in bowel and bladder continence across US spina bifida programs: A descriptive study. J Pediatr Rehabil Med 10:231-241