This application is in response to the limited competition RFA, issued by the NIDDK, soliciting cooperative agreement (U01) applications from investigators currently supported under RFA-DK-03-006 to continue the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (LABS) Consortium to study bariatric surgery for an additional project period of five years. The site at the Neuropsychiatric Research Institute is enthusiastic about the possibility of continuing this research. Recent estimates suggest that 34% of the adult population in the United States is obese and the rate of obesity continues to increase. Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment to accomplish sustained and significant weight loss for people with severe obesity. A number of studies have documented that the amount of weight loss following bariatric surgery is substantial, and associated with improvement or reversal in a variety of medical comorbidities including diabetes, sleep apnea, asthma, stress incontinence and infertility. This extension of the LABS Consortium would allow us to retain subjects to complete the longitudinal observation cohort database and maintain the infrastructure to support the conduct and analysis of LABS-3 substudies on the resolution of diabetes and psychosocial changes as well as various ancillary studies developed under the auspices of LABS. The NRI site, with the assistance of investigators at all the clinical sites and the DCC, has been instrumental in the development of the psychosocial, quality of life and eating behavior elements in LABS. Rates of psychopathology have been found to be quite high in bariatric surgery candidates. Also, various eating related behaviors such as binge eating and full syndrome binge eating disorder are quite common. Although, the data here are quite limited, there is a clear suggestion in the literature that although most psychopathology improves post-operatively more distally psychopathology may reemerge. Also, the reemergence of binge eating or """"""""out of control"""""""" eating appears to be associated with less weight loss or more weight regain. The continuation of the LABS protocol would allow us to examine the relationships among such variables with adequate sample size for the first time. This study is designed to examine the safety and efficacy of bariatric surgery in the treatment of severe obesity. Various outcomes of interest including medical and psychosocial outcomes are examined.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZDK1-GRB-6 (M1))
Program Officer
Horlick, Mary
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Neuropsychiatric Research Institute
United States
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King, Wendy C; Chen, Jia-Yuh; Courcoulas, Anita P et al. (2017) Alcohol and other substance use after bariatric surgery: prospective evidence from a U.S. multicenter cohort study. Surg Obes Relat Dis 13:1392-1402
King, Wendy C; Chen, Jia-Yuh; Belle, Steven H et al. (2017) Use of prescribed opioids before and after bariatric surgery: prospective evidence from a U.S. multicenter cohort study. Surg Obes Relat Dis 13:1337-1346
Menke, Marie N; King, Wendy C; White, Gretchen E et al. (2017) Contraception and Conception After Bariatric Surgery. Obstet Gynecol 130:979-987
Mitchell, James E; Christian, Nicholas J; Flum, David R et al. (2016) Postoperative Behavioral Variables and Weight Change 3 Years After Bariatric Surgery. JAMA Surg 151:752-7
Kalarchian, Melissa A; King, Wendy C; Devlin, Michael J et al. (2016) Psychiatric Disorders and Weight Change in a Prospective Study of Bariatric Surgery Patients: A 3-Year Follow-Up. Psychosom Med 78:373-81
Alfonso-Cristancho, Rafael; King, Wendy C; Mitchell, James E et al. (2016) Longitudinal Evaluation of Work Status and Productivity After Bariatric Surgery. JAMA 316:1595-1597
Purnell, Jonathan Q; Selzer, Faith; Wahed, Abdus S et al. (2016) Type 2 Diabetes Remission Rates After Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass and Gastric Banding: Results of the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery Study. Diabetes Care 39:1101-7
King, Wendy C; Chen, Jia-Yuh; Courcoulas, Anita P et al. (2016) Objectively-measured sedentary time and cardiometabolic health in adults with severe obesity. Prev Med 84:12-8
Spitznagel, Mary Beth; Alosco, Michael; Inge, Thomas H et al. (2016) Adolescent weight history and adult cognition: before and after bariatric surgery. Surg Obes Relat Dis 12:1057-64
Devlin, Michael J; King, Wendy C; Kalarchian, Melissa A et al. (2016) Eating pathology and experience and weight loss in a prospective study of bariatric surgery patients: 3-year follow-up. Int J Eat Disord 49:1058-1067

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