Currently available antipsychotics for schizophrenia are not effective for the treatment of all major symptoms associated with the disease and are associated with a number of dose-limiting adverse effects. Thus, there is a critical need to develop novel therapeutic agents for treatment of schizophrenia that have broader efficacy and fewer adverse effects than currently available medications. We propose studies aimed at discovery and optimization of novel drug candidates for treatment of schizophrenia that are mechanistically unrelated to currently available antipsychotic agents and have the potential to provide efficacy in treatment of all major symptom clusters of this disease. The most advanced of these programs is focused on discovery of novel compounds that inhibit the glycine transporter 1, GlyT1. Glycine is a co-agonist with glutamate at the A/-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of glutamate receptors and provides an excellent approach to increasing NMDA receptor function while maintaining activity dependence of NMDA receptor activation. A number of clinical and animals studies suggest that GlyTI inhibitors have exciting potential for treatment of schizophrenia. To date, we have optimized novel scaffolds of GlyTI inhibitors with excellent pharmacokinetic and brain penetration profiles, robust efficacy in animal models, and lack significant toxicity. A second program is focused on discovery and optimization of highly selective allosteric agonists of the M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor. We have established a novel approach to development of highly selective agonists of the M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor by targeting allosteric sites and have shown that these compounds have robust efficacy in animal models that predict efficacy in treatment of schizophrenia. Both the Ml and GlyTI programs are based on strong validation from animal models and exciting clinical data that provide support for pursuing these novel targets. Our overall objective is to optimize drug candidates that interact with each of these targets. Ultimately, we will work with industry partners to develop these drug candidates in clinical studies. We will begin with lead optimization of GlyTI inhibitors, followed by hit-tc-lead and lead optimization of Ml allosteric agonists with a goal of advancing molecules that interact with each of these to a stage where they are ready for preclinical and clinical development. Finally, we have a pipeline of additional targets for which we have chemically diverse verified hits and early drug leads that are poised for full lead optimization efforts. While not specifically included in this application, this provides a robust discovery pipeline that will be important for the future directions of this program.

Public Health Relevance

REVELANCE: The major goal of this program is to discover novel drug candidates that will ultimately advance into clinical testing for treatment of schizophrenia. If successful; novel drugs that come from this effort could lead to a fundamental breakthrough in the treatment of this disorder and could dramatically improve the standard of care for this devastating disorder.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Type
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
Project #
5U01MH087965-02
Application #
8230840
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2011-01-01
Budget End
2011-12-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$153,798
Indirect Cost
Name
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Department
Type
DUNS #
004413456
City
Nashville
State
TN
Country
United States
Zip Code
37212
Melancon, Bruce J; Wood, Michael R; Noetzel, Meredith J et al. (2017) Optimization of M4 positive allosteric modulators (PAMs): The discovery of VU0476406, a non-human primate in vivo tool compound for translational pharmacology. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 27:2296-2301
Wood, Michael R; Noetzel, Meredith J; Poslusney, Michael S et al. (2017) Challenges in the development of an M4 PAM in vivo tool compound: The discovery of VU0467154 and unexpected DMPK profiles of close analogs. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 27:171-175
Tarr, James C; Wood, Michael R; Noetzel, Meredith J et al. (2017) Challenges in the development of an M4 PAM preclinical candidate: The discovery, SAR, and in vivo characterization of a series of 3-aminoazetidine-derived amides. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 27:2990-2995
Lebois, Evan P; Schroeder, Jason P; Esparza, Thomas J et al. (2017) Disease-Modifying Effects of M1 Muscarinic Acetylcholine Receptor Activation in an Alzheimer's Disease Mouse Model. ACS Chem Neurosci 8:1177-1187
Bewley, Blake R; Spearing, Paul K; Weiner, Rebecca L et al. (2017) Discovery of a novel, CNS penetrant M4 PAM chemotype based on a 6-fluoro-4-(piperidin-1-yl)quinoline-3-carbonitrile core. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 27:4274-4279
Long, Madeline F; Engers, Julie L; Chang, Sichen et al. (2017) Discovery of a novel 2,4-dimethylquinoline-6-carboxamide M4 positive allosteric modulator (PAM) chemotype via scaffold hopping. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 27:4999-5001
Bender, Aaron M; Weiner, Rebecca L; Luscombe, Vincent B et al. (2017) Discovery and optimization of 3-(4-aryl/heteroarylsulfonyl)piperazin-1-yl)-6-(piperidin-1-yl)pyridazines as novel, CNS penetrant pan-muscarinic antagonists. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 27:3576-3581
Bender, Aaron M; Weiner, Rebecca L; Luscombe, Vincent B et al. (2017) Synthesis and evaluation of 4,6-disubstituted pyrimidines as CNS penetrant pan-muscarinic antagonists with a novel chemotype. Bioorg Med Chem Lett 27:2479-2483
Wood, Michael R; Noetzel, Meredith J; Melancon, Bruce J et al. (2017) Discovery of VU0467485/AZ13713945: An M4 PAM Evaluated as a Preclinical Candidate for the Treatment of Schizophrenia. ACS Med Chem Lett 8:233-238
Lindsley, Craig W; Emmitte, Kyle A; Hopkins, Corey R et al. (2016) Practical Strategies and Concepts in GPCR Allosteric Modulator Discovery: Recent Advances with Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors. Chem Rev 116:6707-41

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