This application is a competitive renewal from the Alpert School of Medicine at Brown University for the NICHD Cooperative Multicenter Neonatal Research Network. The Neonatal Research Network has been in existence since 1986 and has the following goals: 1) to perform high quality, rigorous clinical trials for management and treatment of important morbidities that affect the outcome of term and preterm infants, 2) to ascertain temporal changes in morbidity and mortality for the highest risk infants, 3) to evaluate the epidemiology of specific morbidities using prospective observational cohort studies, 4) to evaluate new diagnostic tests that could not be done readily in a single center, and 5) to generate new hypotheses for investigation by analyzing morbidity, mortality and 18-22 month outcomes of survivors. The Brown site has been a member of the Network since 1991 and patients for Network studies are derived from a new, state of the art 80 bed Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island (WIH). WIH is a major teaching affiliate of the Alpert School of Medicine and is the only tertiary NICU in Southeastern New England. WIH has almost 9,000 deliveries per year (73% of the R.l. births) and coordinates a well regionalized perinatal care system which assures the care of all high risk infants in one facility. Comprehensive follow-up of infants from the NICU is conducted in the WIH Follow-up clinic. Adjoining WIH is Hasbro Children's Hospital which provides all specialized pediatric services. The Brown site has a well organized research team that includes Physicians with broad expertise in neonatal morbidities and multicenter studies, outstanding Research Nurses, and excellent follow-up to assess early childhood neurodevelopment. The Brown site has a track record of strong contributions to Network studies, minimal protocol deviations, accurate data acquisition and substantial scientific input to new protocol development. The Brown site is well positioned to continue to function as an outstanding Neonatal Research Network center and contribute to the overall goal of improving neonatal care and outcomes through rigorous research and evidence based medicine.

Public Health Relevance

Premature birth is associated with multiple morbidities which may lead to a lifetime of physical and mental disability. Rates of prematurity are rising, survival of preterm birth has plateaued and thus there are more at risk infants. Serious neonatal problems may also afflict infants born at term. This application uses a multi- center network to perform rigorous clinical research to improve the outcome of preterm and term infants.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Cooperative Clinical Research--Cooperative Agreements (U10)
Project #
5U10HD027904-24
Application #
8643278
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1-DSR-A (03))
Program Officer
Raju, Tonse N
Project Start
1991-04-01
Project End
2016-03-31
Budget Start
2014-04-01
Budget End
2015-03-31
Support Year
24
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$279,167
Indirect Cost
$84,295
Name
Women and Infants Hospital-Rhode Island
Department
Type
DUNS #
069851913
City
Providence
State
RI
Country
United States
Zip Code
02905
Lagasse, Linda L; Conradt, Elisabeth; Karalunas, Sarah L et al. (2016) Transactional relations between caregiving stress, executive functioning, and problem behavior from early childhood to early adolescence. Dev Psychopathol 28:743-56
Mirza, Hussnain; Laptook, Abbot R; Oh, William et al. (2016) Effects of indomethacin prophylaxis timing on intraventricular haemorrhage and patent ductus arteriosus in extremely low birth weight infants. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 101:F418-22
Weissman, Scott J; Hansen, Nellie I; Zaterka-Baxter, Kristen et al. (2016) Emergence of Antibiotic Resistance-Associated Clones Among Escherichia coli Recovered From Newborns With Early-Onset Sepsis and Meningitis in the United States, 2008-2009. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 5:269-76
Wortham, Jonathan M; Hansen, Nellie I; Schrag, Stephanie J et al. (2016) Chorioamnionitis and Culture-Confirmed, Early-Onset Neonatal Infections. Pediatrics 137:
Phelps, Dale L; Ward, Robert M; Williams, Rick L et al. (2016) Safety and pharmacokinetics of multiple dose myo-inositol in preterm infants. Pediatr Res 80:209-17
Locke, Robin L; Lagasse, Linda L; Seifer, Ronald et al. (2016) Effects of prenatal substance exposure on infant temperament vary by context. Dev Psychopathol 28:309-26
Meyers, J M; Bann, C M; Stoll, B J et al. (2016) Neurodevelopmental outcomes in postnatal growth-restricted preterm infants with postnatal head-sparing. J Perinatol 36:1116-1121
Archer, Stephanie Wilson; Carlo, Waldemar A; Truog, William E et al. (2016) Improving publication rates in a collaborative clinical trials research network. Semin Perinatol 40:410-417
Salley, Brenda; Sheinkopf, Stephen J; Neal-Beevers, A Rebecca et al. (2016) Infants' early visual attention and social engagement as developmental precursors to joint attention. Dev Psychol 52:1721-1731
Conradt, Elisabeth; Beauchaine, Theodore; Abar, Beau et al. (2016) Early caregiving stress exposure moderates the relation between respiratory sinus arrhythmia reactivity at 1 month and biobehavioral outcomes at age 3. Psychophysiology 53:83-96

Showing the most recent 10 out of 267 publications