Although many diabetic patients in renal failure, especially children, have potential donors willing to provide both a kidney and islets, the quantity of islets necessary to achieve insulin independence hampers successful islet Tx by partial pancreatectomy from living donors. Project 2 is designed toward developing a tolerance-inducing strategy for curative treatment of end-stage diabetic nephropathy using living donor composite Islet-Kidney (IK) transplantation (Tx). We have previously demonstrated that the strategy of transplanting pre-vascularized islets as part of IKs in large animal models is successful, using far fewer islets than are required for Tx of free, non-vascularized islets. Both renal and islet function were restored by IK Tx across fully allogeneic barriers in nephrectomized diabetic baboons using a clinically relevant immunosuppression protocol. More recently, our preliminary data have shown the successful induction of tolerance of IKs in rhesus monkeys treated with hematopoietic cell Tx in a

Public Health Relevance

Although many diabetic patients in renal failure, especially children, have potential donors who would be willing to donate both a kidney and a portion of their pancreas, the quantity of islets necessary to achieve insulin independence is currently far greater than is obtainable from the amount of pancreas that can safely be removed from the living donor. This research proposal is directed towards an approach that combines islets and a kidney into a composite

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Research Program--Cooperative Agreements (U19)
Project #
1U19AI102405-01
Application #
8432086
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-MFH-I (M1))
Project Start
2012-08-01
Project End
2017-07-31
Budget Start
2012-08-01
Budget End
2013-06-30
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$350,047
Indirect Cost
$134,048
Name
Massachusetts General Hospital
Department
Type
DUNS #
073130411
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02199
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Pathiraja, V; Villani, V; Tasaki, M et al. (2017) Tolerance of Vascularized Islet-Kidney Transplants in Rhesus Monkeys. Am J Transplant 17:91-102
Hotta, Kiyohiko; Aoyama, Akihiro; Oura, Tetsu et al. (2016) Induced regulatory T cells in allograft tolerance via transient mixed chimerism. JCI Insight 1:
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Kant, Cavit D; Akiyama, Yoshinobu; Tanaka, Katsunori et al. (2015) Both rejection and tolerance of allografts can occur in the absence of secondary lymphoid tissues. J Immunol 194:1364-71
Wang, Ping; Schuetz, Christian; Vallabhajosyula, Prashanth et al. (2015) Monitoring of Allogeneic Islet Grafts in Nonhuman Primates Using MRI. Transplantation 99:1574-81

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