The overarching objectives of Project 4 are to develop and verify the performance of a sample-in answer-out system for detecting MDR-TB in low-resource operating environments, translate innovative and verified molecular signatures into field deployable diagnostic tests, and transfer systems to Lima Peru for joint, preclinical testing and evaluation ahead of commercial production. We will meet these objectives by taking advantage of patented Akonni manufacturing, sample preparation, amplification, microfluidic, and micorarray technologies through three inter-related specific Aims: 1) Develop and verify methods, consumables, and equipment for automated nucleic acid extraction from decontaminated sputum.
This Aim also includes fundamental science for purifying nucleic acids from large-volumen, non-invasive clinical specimens such as urine, and supporting Harvard Project 2 and collaborators in Peru to determine whether or not MTB signatures can be reliably detected in children and in clinical samples other than sputum, 2) Develop and verify low-cost, sample preparation and amplification microarray consumables. Consumables are designed for long-term storage at room temperature, and will maintain an entirely closed-amplicon work flow that is required for molecular diagnostics in low-resource settings.
This Aim also includes translating new, innovative MDR- and XDR-TB signatures from Harvard Projects 1 and 3 into a next-generation, field-deployable diagnostic test. 3) Develop sample-in, answer-out integrated system (hardware, software, and consumables from Aims 1 and 2) for pre-clinical testing with Harvard collaborators in Lima, Peru. The resulting sample preparation methods, consumables, and instrument will be generally extensible to other Category A-C panel tests for use in low-resource environments.

Public Health Relevance

Project 4 advances the overall objectives ofthe Center by translating fundamental science, knowledge, and innovative molecular markers into robust, low-cost diagnostics and systems, and transferring those consumables and systems to clinical users for pre-clinical testing and evaluation in the field.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Research Program--Cooperative Agreements (U19)
Project #
1U19AI109755-01
Application #
8653813
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-LR-M (J1))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-03-01
Budget End
2015-02-28
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$2,916,905
Indirect Cost
$445,323
Name
Harvard University
Department
Type
DUNS #
047006379
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02115