Project Leader: Alain Charest. Extracellular RNA (exRNA) is a newly discovered form of cellular communication whereby information from one cell to another is conveyed by RNA molecules. exRNAs are protected from extracellular RNases by encapsulation within membrane vesicles or as amalgamations of RNA and proteins complexes (ribonucleoproteins RNPs). It appears that the production of these entities is not random and is the result of a highly orchestrated machinery, the details of which remain ill-defined. In this proposal, we aim to uncover the molecular mechanisms by which exRNA is encapsulated in extracellular vesicles and RNPs and how therapeutic interventions affect these mechanisms using glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) as a model system. Using genetically engineered mouse models of GBM that are driven by overexpression and activation of EGFR and PDGFRa, the two most common.genetic events found in GBM, we will determine the vesicle and RNP exRNA profiles of EGFR GBMs and PDGFRa GBMs using deep sequencing methods. Once established, we will then study the effect of therapeutic treatment on the dynamics of exRNA production and perform functional studies of exRNA on target cells in vitro and in vivo. We will initially focus on miRNA as it has been shown that miRNA make up a significant proportion of exRNA. Our project relates to the other projects in this U19 application on multiple levels. We will work in close collaboration with Dr. Anna Krichevsky on deciphering and cataloging the exRNA sequence composition of our genetically-defined glioblastoma tumor cells. We will also collaborate with Dr. Stephen Gould on the molecular mechanisms of exRNA production in glioblastoma as a function of EGFR and PDGFRa signaling pathways and with Dr. Xandra Breakefield on the development of methods and reagents to study exRNA transfer to recipient cells. Finally, we will work closely with Dr. Thorsten Mempel who will provide intravital imaging technology to evaluate and study exRNA fluorescent reporters in vivo.

Public Health Relevance

Extracellular RNA (exRNA) is an underappreciated mode of communication between cells. Very little is known about how exRNAs are produced and what their effects on cells are. Here, using the most malignant type of brain cancer, glioblastoma multiforme, as a model system, we seek to determine the mechanisms of how exRNAs are produced by tumor cells and how they affect neighboring normal cells in the brain. This work will be accomplished using genetically engineered mouse models of glioblastoma.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Program--Cooperative Agreements (U19)
Project #
5U19CA179563-02
Application #
8739878
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-OBT-S)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2014-09-01
Budget End
2015-08-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
$405,707
Indirect Cost
$69,964
Name
Massachusetts General Hospital
Department
Type
DUNS #
073130411
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02199
Redzic, Jasmina S; Balaj, Leonora; van der Vos, Kristan E et al. (2014) Extracellular RNA mediates and marks cancer progression. Semin Cancer Biol 28:14-23
Bauer, Christian A; Kim, Edward Y; Marangoni, Francesco et al. (2014) Dynamic Treg interactions with intratumoral APCs promote local CTL dysfunction. J Clin Invest 124:2425-40
Nery, Flavia C; da Hora, Cintia C; Atai, Nadia A et al. (2014) Microfluidic platform to evaluate migration of cells from patients with DYT1 dystonia. J Neurosci Methods 232:181-8
Maguire, Casey A; Ramirez, Servio H; Merkel, Steven F et al. (2014) Gene therapy for the nervous system: challenges and new strategies. Neurotherapeutics 11:817-39
Vader, Pieter; Breakefield, Xandra O; Wood, Matthew J A (2014) Extracellular vesicles: emerging targets for cancer therapy. Trends Mol Med 20:385-93
Rajendran, Lawrence; Bali, Jitin; Barr, Maureen M et al. (2014) Emerging roles of extracellular vesicles in the nervous system. J Neurosci 34:15482-9
Lai, Charles P; Mardini, Osama; Ericsson, Maria et al. (2014) Dynamic biodistribution of extracellular vesicles in vivo using a multimodal imaging reporter. ACS Nano 8:483-94