Henipaviruses show increasing impact as causes of central nervous system illness in the human community. We propose to apply our understanding of paramyxovirus entry to the development of new strategies for inhibiting infection that will apply to newly emerging paramyxoviruses. The first step in paramyxovirus infection is the binding of the receptor-binding protein (G for Hendra and Nipah viruses; HeV/NiV) to receptor on the cell's surface (EFNB2 for HeV/NiV). Receptor engagement activates the viral fusion proteins (F) to fusion-ready conformation, and F then inserts into the target cell membrane, fusing the viral envelope with the cell's membrane and allowing viral entry. In a novel therapeutic approach, we will identify compounds that induce F to trigger prematurely, inactivating the viruses before they can enter the target cells. 1. Proof of concept for new antiviral platform: Paramyxovirus receptor mimics induce premature triggering of F distant from the target cell.
This aim will test the hypothesis that if G-receptor interaction can be mimicked before an infectious viral particle binds to the cell surface, F can be induced to be triggered prematurely and be inactivated. We will assess whether soluble receptor-mimicking molecules inhibit multicycle replication in relevant tissue models for human vascular endothelium and for human CMS parenchymal cells. Support of this aim includes evidence for

Public Health Relevance

Hendra and Nipah viruses are urgent concerns for public health due to their transmissible nature and increasing impact on acute and chronic central nervous system disease. This research proposal will lead to a new antiviral strategy that will apply to henipaviruses, existing and emerging paramyxoviruses as well as other enveloped viruses. The results will be highly relevant in light of the importance of paramyxoviruses to human health and the potential broad applicability of the new platform to these and other serious pathogens.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
5U54AI057158-09
Application #
8376729
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-DDS-M)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2012-03-01
Budget End
2013-02-28
Support Year
9
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$302,923
Indirect Cost
Name
Columbia University (N.Y.)
Department
Type
DUNS #
621889815
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10032
Zhou, Yijun; Li, Xiao-Ping; Chen, Brian Y et al. (2017) Ricin uses arginine 235 as an anchor residue to bind to P-proteins of the ribosomal stalk. Sci Rep 7:42912
Aguilar, Jorge L; Varshney, Avanish K; Pechuan, Ximo et al. (2017) Monoclonal antibodies protect from Staphylococcal Enterotoxin K (SEK) induced toxic shock and sepsis by USA300 Staphylococcus aureus. Virulence 8:741-750
Chen, Han; Coseno, Molly; Ficarro, Scott B et al. (2017) A Small Covalent Allosteric Inhibitor of Human Cytomegalovirus DNA Polymerase Subunit Interactions. ACS Infect Dis 3:112-118
Pham, Alissa M; Santa Maria, Felicia Gilfoy; Lahiri, Tanaya et al. (2016) PKR Transduces MDA5-Dependent Signals for Type I IFN Induction. PLoS Pathog 12:e1005489
Basu, Debaleena; Kahn, Jennifer N; Li, Xiao-Ping et al. (2016) Conserved Arginines at the P-Protein Stalk Binding Site and the Active Site Are Critical for Ribosome Interactions of Shiga Toxins but Do Not Contribute to Differences in the Affinity of the A1 Subunits for the Ribosome. Infect Immun 84:3290-3301
Li, Melody M H; Bozzacco, Leonia; Hoffmann, Hans-Heinrich et al. (2016) Interferon regulatory factor 2 protects mice from lethal viral neuroinvasion. J Exp Med 213:2931-2947
Torres, AnnMarie; Luke, Joanna D; Kullas, Amy L et al. (2016) Asparagine deprivation mediated by Salmonella asparaginase causes suppression of activation-induced T cell metabolic reprogramming. J Leukoc Biol 99:387-98
Charles, Jermilia; Firth, Andrew E; LoroƱo-Pino, Maria A et al. (2016) Merida virus, a putative novel rhabdovirus discovered in Culex and Ochlerotatus spp. mosquitoes in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. J Gen Virol 97:977-87
Taylor, Travis J; Diaz, Fernando; Colgrove, Robert C et al. (2016) Production of immunogenic West Nile virus-like particles using a herpes simplex virus 1 recombinant vector. Virology 496:186-193
Song, Jeongmin; Wilhelm, Cara L; Wangdi, Tamding et al. (2016) Absence of TLR11 in Mice Does Not Confer Susceptibility to Salmonella Typhi. Cell 164:827-8

Showing the most recent 10 out of 649 publications