Significant advances in biotechnology and biochemistry have led to the discovery of a large number of cancer vaccines based on peptides and proteins. However, the development of suitable and efficient carrier systems remains a major challenge since the vaccine bioavailability is limited by enzymatic degradation. We developed recently several promising new vaccines for prostate cancer based on natural and modified survivin-derived peptides. We propose to encapsulate the survivin-derived peptide vaccines into our newly developed nanoparticles targeted to the mannose receptors on the dendritic cells. The inclusion of mannose or some of its derivatives in the nanoparticle formulation is expected to enhance delivery of active antigen and is the major conceptual advance of this pilot project. We suggest that this novel vaccine will induce potent and specific immune responses against prostate cancer. Because survivin is highly expressed in all prostate cancer, this new nanoparticle-vaccine strategy may have important clinical applications. This approach may provide a potential avenue for immunotherapy of prostate cancer, as many other prostate cancer-associated antigens have been described to date.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
3U54CA132384-05S3
Application #
8899089
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1)
Program Officer
Ogunbiyi, Peter
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
5
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
San Diego State University
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
City
San Diego
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
92182
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