In response to RFA-CA-09-032, the Asian American Network for Cancer Awareness, Research, and Training (AANCART) proposes to create the National Center for Reducing Asian American Cancer Health Disparities entitled AANCART: The National Center. This Center, led by academic and community Principal investigators, will use a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to achieve its Specific Aims: 1) Build a National Center to conduct outreach, research, and training based on the network of community-academic partnerships created by AANCART in the preceding 9 years as an NCI-funded Community Network Program, which has generated many significant accomplishments and established trust in the community;2) Outreach to communities to reduce cancer disparities and related co-morbid conditions among Asian Americans;3) Conduct, foster, and disseminate evidence-based intervention Research to reduce the unnecessary cancer burden confronting Asian Americans;4) Train and nurture new and early stage CBPR investigators to submit peer-reviewed proposals and obtain funding to conduct research to reduce health disparities. This U54 application shows: 1) How the Center is administratively organized;2) How the Outreach Program will be implemented among 4 Asian American populations in California and Hawaii by creating and increasing access to culturally appropriate, linguistically-specific, and evidence-based materials designed to increase knowledge about cancer and the use of beneficial preventive procedures;3) How a 5-year Full Research Project will develop, implement, evaluate, and disseminate the results of a cluster randomized controlled trial of the efficacy of lay health educators to promote colorectal cancer screening among 4 Asian American groups (Filipinos, Hmong, Korean, and Vietnamese) in 4 regions (Honolulu, Los Angeles, Sacramento, &San Francisco) and how a 2-year Pilot Research Project will assess cognitive &cultural perspectives among Chinese Americans regarding biospecimen collection;and 4) How a Training Program will develop new and early stage investigators by combining individualized mentoring plans, scheduled seminars, and a curriculum linked to the NIH Clinical &Translational Science Awards.

Public Health Relevance

This application focuses on reducing the unique, unusual, and unnecessary cancer disparities that confront Asian Americans through well-conceived plans in outreach, research, and training. Asian Americans have experienced a higher population growth rate than others, in percentage terms, and are predicted to experience a triple digit increase in invasive cancers by 2030.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
3U54CA153499-04S2
Application #
8717772
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-PCRB-G (M1))
Program Officer
Farhat, Tilda
Project Start
2010-09-13
Project End
2015-08-31
Budget Start
2013-09-01
Budget End
2014-08-31
Support Year
4
Fiscal Year
2013
Total Cost
$64,777
Indirect Cost
$22,577
Name
University of California Davis
Department
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
047120084
City
Davis
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
95618
Nguyen, Tung T; Tsoh, Janice Y; Woo, Kent et al. (2017) Colorectal Cancer Screening and Chinese Americans: Efficacy of Lay Health Worker Outreach and Print Materials. Am J Prev Med 52:e67-e76
Tong, Elisa K; Nguyen, Tung T; Lo, Penny et al. (2017) Lay health educators increase colorectal cancer screening among Hmong Americans: A cluster randomized controlled trial. Cancer 123:98-106
Dang, Julie H T; Chen Jr, Moon S (2016) Increasing Hepatitis B Testing and Linkage to Care of Foreign-Born Asians, Sacramento, California, 2012-2013. Public Health Rep 131 Suppl 2:119-24
Jih, Jane; Le, Gem; Woo, Kent et al. (2016) Educational Interventions to Promote Healthy Nutrition and Physical Activity Among Older Chinese Americans: A Cluster-Randomized Trial. Am J Public Health 106:1092-8
Stewart, Susan L; Dang, Julie; Chen Jr, Moon S (2016) Diabetes Prevalence and Risk Factors in Four Asian American Communities. J Community Health 41:1264-1273
Tsoh, Janice Y; Sentell, Tetine; Gildengorin, Ginny et al. (2016) Healthcare Communication Barriers and Self-Rated Health in Older Chinese American Immigrants. J Community Health 41:741-52
Pulenzas, Natalie; Ray, Saurabh; Zhang, Liying et al. (2016) The Brain Symptom and Impact Questionnaire in brain metastases patients: a prospective long-term follow-up study. CNS Oncol 5:31-40
Torre, Lindsey A; Sauer, Ann M Goding; Chen Jr, Moon S et al. (2016) Cancer statistics for Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders, 2016: Converging incidence in males and females. CA Cancer J Clin 66:182-202
Petersen, Anne Berit; Tsoh, Janice Y; Nguyen, Tung T et al. (2015) Suffering in Silence: Impact of Tobacco Use on Communication Dynamics Within Vietnamese and Chinese Immigrant Families. J Fam Nurs :
George, Sheba M; Kagawa Singer, Marjorie (2015) Stigma and On-line Health Information Seeking of U.S. South Asian Cancer Survivors. Stud Health Technol Inform 216:996

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