In response to the National Cancer Institute re-issue of the Transdisciplinary Research on Energetics and Cancer (TREC) initiative (RFA-CA-10-006), we propose to establish a TREC Center that draws on the multidisciplinary expertise of the faculty of Harvard University at the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH), Harvard Medical School and the Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston Children's Hospital, Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, and the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies. We have developed four complementary and interrelated research projects which are supported by four cores and additional existing resources at the participating institutions. Together, they form a cohesive, transdisciplinary center focused on the generation of new knowledge and its translation, training, and career development. In Project 1, we will examine sleep duration, energy balance, and insulin resistance among children in Project Viva;in Project 2, we will examine the relation of energetic factors (including dietary insulin demand, objectively measured energy expenditure, and physical activity), sleep duration, and the built environment with novel cancer biomarkers (insulin-IGF axis, adipokines, and sex hormones) in the Nurses'Health Study;in Project 3, we will examine the relation of energetic factors (dietary insulin demand, adiposity, and physical activity) and biomarkers of the insulin/IGF pathway with prostate cancer survivorship in the Physicians'Health Study;and in Project 4, we will conduct a randomized trial to evaluate whether a theory-based exercise intervention, alone or in combination with a pharmacological intervention, decreases circulating levels of insulin and other biomarkers previously linked to poor prognosis among colorectal cancer survivors. These projects will be supported by four cores: Administrative, Education/Training, Bioinformatics, and Developmental. Through these highly integrated projects and supporting Cores, we aim to train postdoctoral fellows and junior faculty in a transdisciplinary environment to pursue careers in energetics and cancer and to foster innovative transdisciplinary research projects that build on the Center's and the overall TREC program's vision and resources. We have obtained strong institutional commitment, as outlined in the letters from Dr. Julio Frenk, Dean of the Faculty, Harvard School of Public Health, and Dr. Edward Benz, Director of the DF/HCC and President of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. By leveraging multiple areas of expertise and different resources within and across TREC centers, we can help further build a unique national resource of energetics and cancer knowledge.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
5U54CA155626-02
Application #
8308386
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-SRLB-4 (O1))
Program Officer
Grant, Yvonne F
Project Start
2011-07-28
Project End
2016-05-31
Budget Start
2012-06-01
Budget End
2013-05-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$1,866,635
Indirect Cost
$308,551
Name
Harvard University
Department
Nutrition
Type
Schools of Public Health
DUNS #
149617367
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02115
Song, Mingyang; Gong, Jian; Giovannucci, Edward L et al. (2015) Genetic variants of adiponectin and risk of colorectal cancer. Int J Cancer 137:154-64
Cao, Yin; Lindström, Sara; Schumacher, Fredrick et al. (2014) Insulin-like growth factor pathway genetic polymorphisms, circulating IGF1 and IGFBP3, and prostate cancer survival. J Natl Cancer Inst 106:dju085
Fontana, Luigi; Hu, Frank B (2014) Optimal body weight for health and longevity: bridging basic, clinical, and population research. Aging Cell 13:391-400
Jackson, Chandra L; Yeh, Hsin-Chieh; Szklo, Moyses et al. (2014) Body-Mass Index and All-Cause Mortality in US Adults With and Without Diabetes. J Gen Intern Med 29:25-33
Sun, Qi; Wedick, Nicole M; Pan, An et al. (2014) Gut microbiota metabolites of dietary lignans and risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective investigation in two cohorts of U.S. women. Diabetes Care 37:1287-95
Jackson, Chandra L; Hu, Frank B; Redline, Susan et al. (2014) Racial/ethnic disparities in short sleep duration by occupation: the contribution of immigrant status. Soc Sci Med 118:71-9
Satija, Ambika; Hu, Frank B (2014) Big data and systematic reviews in nutritional epidemiology. Nutr Rev 72:737-40
Jeon, Justin Y; Meyerhardt, Jeffrey A (2014) Can we change the past for colorectal cancer patients and how do we move forward? Cancer 120:1450-2
Pan, An; Kawachi, Ichiro; Luo, Nan et al. (2014) Changes in body weight and health-related quality of life: 2 cohorts of US women. Am J Epidemiol 180:254-62
Jackson, Chandra L; Kawachi, Ichiro; Redline, Susan et al. (2014) Asian-White disparities in short sleep duration by industry of employment and occupation in the US: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 14:552

Showing the most recent 10 out of 45 publications