The Parkland-UT Southwestern PROSPR Center represents a fully coordinated, trans-disciplinary partnership of the Parkland Health System, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Simmons Cancer Center, and UT School of Public Health. Our goal is to optimize colon cancer screening through personalized regimens in our integrated safety-net clinical provider network serving a large and diverse population of under- and uninsured patients in Dallas. Three interlocking research projects will assess clinic, system, and organizational factors associated with over-, under- and guideline-based screening among this vulnerable population, and will compare benefits, harms, and costs of strategies for facilitating optimized screening regimens. Project 1 employs an """"""""in-reach"""""""" strategy by implementing innovative, algorithmically driven tools in primary-care and colonoscopy clinics to collect information including patients'familial risk factors and colonoscopy findings to: identify personalized guideline-based screening regimens;characterize under- and over-screening. Project 2, a comparative effectiveness trial, compares benefits, harms and costs resulting from two system level, mailed outreach strategies for promoting effective screening: the first strategy begins with a mailed fecal immune-histochemical test kit;the second begins with a mailed invitation for colonoscopy;both include centralized processes to assure guideline-based follow up. Project 3 characterizes organizational factors at the network and clinic level that contribute to completion of screening processes and examines which organizational factors modify relationships between social disadvantage and completion of guideline-based screening processes. Parkland, the sole safety-net provider in Dallas County, is a vertically integrated delivery system that includes 11 primary care clinics caring for 32,000 adults (50-64 yrs) and has a comprehensive electronic record through which eligibility for a test, test ordering, results, referrals, and treatment are ascertainable. Through these capabilities, the Screening Process Documentation Unit will: collect accurate, clinically detailed data on all relevant processes and outcomes across the screening process, and link to the ACCR Gold-Star Texas Cancer Registry;facilitate data transfers to the national data coordinating center;and work closely with the Shared Research Resources Core to provide all data needed for Projects 1-3.

Public Health Relevance

Colorectal cancer is the 2nd cancer killer despite the fact that effective screening saves lives. Low-income and minority patients in safety-net health systems are least likely to receive effective screening. To address these disparities, our PROSPR Center will develop new tools to improve screening in clinics, compare benefits and harms of two common outreach strategies for promoting screening, and identify clinic policies and procedures that lead to best practices for effective screening.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
5U54CA163308-02
Application #
8337722
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-SRLB-R (O1))
Program Officer
Ambs, Anita
Project Start
2011-09-23
Project End
2016-05-31
Budget Start
2012-09-01
Budget End
2013-05-31
Support Year
2
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$854,471
Indirect Cost
$327,353
Name
University of Texas Sw Medical Center Dallas
Department
Other Clinical Sciences
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
800771545
City
Dallas
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
75390
Klabunde, Carrie N; Zheng, Yingye; Quinn, Virginia P et al. (2016) Influence of Age and Comorbidity on Colorectal Cancer Screening in the Elderly. Am J Prev Med 51:e67-75
Skinner, Celette Sugg; Gupta, Samir; Halm, Ethan A et al. (2016) Development of the Parkland-UT Southwestern Colonoscopy Reporting System (CoRS) for evidence-based colon cancer surveillance recommendations. J Am Med Inform Assoc 23:402-6
Chubak, Jessica; Garcia, Michael P; Burnett-Hartman, Andrea N et al. (2016) Time to Colonoscopy after Positive Fecal Blood Test in Four U.S. Health Care Systems. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 25:344-50
Burnett-Hartman, Andrea N; Mehta, Shivan J; Zheng, Yingye et al. (2016) Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Screening Across Healthcare Systems. Am J Prev Med 51:e107-15
McCarthy, Anne Marie; Kim, Jane J; Beaber, Elisabeth F et al. (2016) Follow-Up of Abnormal Breast and Colorectal Cancer Screening by Race/Ethnicity. Am J Prev Med 51:507-12
Singal, Amit G; Gupta, Samir; Tiro, Jasmin A et al. (2016) Outreach invitations for FIT and colonoscopy improve colorectal cancer screening rates: A randomized controlled trial in a safety-net health system. Cancer 122:456-63
Kim, Jane J; Tosteson, Anna Na; Zauber, Ann G et al. (2016) Cancer Models and Real-world Data: Better Together. J Natl Cancer Inst 108:
Tosteson, Anna N A; Beaber, Elisabeth F; Tiro, Jasmin et al. (2016) Variation in Screening Abnormality Rates and Follow-Up of Breast, Cervical and Colorectal Cancer Screening within the PROSPR Consortium. J Gen Intern Med 31:372-9
Corley, Douglas A; Haas, Jennifer S; Kobrin, Sarah (2016) Reducing Variation in the ""Standard of Care"" for Cancer Screening: Recommendations From the PROSPR Consortium. JAMA 315:2067-8
Patel, Neha; Tong, Liyue; Ahn, Chul et al. (2015) Post-polypectomy Guideline Adherence: Importance of Belief in Guidelines, Not Guideline Knowledge or Fear of Missed Cancer. Dig Dis Sci 60:2937-45

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