A key feature of highly aggressive cancers is their invasiveness, where transformed cells disseminate by crawling through the local micro-environment, ultimately causing death as the tumor invades and metastasizes. If these processes of cell motility could be suppressed, it would potentially extend lifespan and increase the potential effectiveness for local and global therapeutic treatments. However, we do not adequately understand the mechanical and chemical basis of cancer cell migration in complex and mechanically challenging microenvironments. We are currently developing a mathematical/computational model through our Physical Sciences in Oncology Center that will allow us to simulate cancer migration on a computer, and, in the longer-term, perform virtual in silico drug screening. The goal of the proposed project is to integrate innovate new biosensors into our cell migration assays that will enable collection of real-time cell signaling data as the cells migrate. We hypothesize that the activation of cell signaling pathways detectable by the biosensors correlates with the cell migration dynamics described by our current models. Collection of these data may enable expansion of our cell migration simulator in ways that improve its ability to simulate cell migration dynamics by 1) adding new parameters to our model that incorporate signaling dynamics, and 2) to describe and quantify the relationship between cell signaling activity and existing model parameters. Given the high large public investment into therapeutic agents designed to disrupt cell signaling pathways, this new line of inquiry?made possible by the probes developed by Dr. Laurie Parker through the IMAT program?may accelerate our Center's ability to use our fundamental knowledge of cell migration dynamics to build a cell migration simulator that enables optimization of existing therapeutic agents and identifies compelling new therapeutic targets and strategies.

Public Health Relevance

Our Physical Sciences in Oncology Center is developing and experimentally testing a computer model that describes the mechanical dynamics of cell migration. Our current cell migration computer model does not explicitly include cell signaling dynamics because, until now, it has not been feasible to collect cell signaling data from our cell migration assays. The novel biosensors we propose to validate and integrate into our cell migration work in this proposal may enable the incorporation of cell signaling dynamics into our cell migration models.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
Project #
3U54CA210190-03S1
Application #
9657403
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1)
Program Officer
Zahir, Nastaran Z
Project Start
2016-08-17
Project End
2021-07-31
Budget Start
2018-08-01
Budget End
2019-07-31
Support Year
3
Fiscal Year
2019
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Department
Biomedical Engineering
Type
Biomed Engr/Col Engr/Engr Sta
DUNS #
555917996
City
Minneapolis
State
MN
Country
United States
Zip Code
55455
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