The U54 Cooperative Contraceptive Development Research Center Grant described in this proposal includes five projects. We identified new leads to be developed into safe and effective contraceptives both for men and women and with additional health benefits to the users: (I) A new contraceptive vaginal ring will be developed using Nestorone (NES) and natural Estradiol (E2) for a safer contraception. SA1: NES/E2 rings will be designed for a first efficacy study. Potential benefits on the brain will be tested by: SA2 determining impact of hormone exposure on neurogenesis in normal brain and SA3 will evaluate the effects of NES and E2, on myelin repair both on in vitro and in vivo animal models. (II) A new progesterone receptor modulator Ulipristal (UPA/CDB-2914) will be investigated: SA1: Endometrial safety and contraceptive efficacy of a 3-month UFA vaginal ring (UPA CVR) in combination with progestin will be assessed in a 6- month clinical study. SA2: A contraceptive intrauterine system (IDS) releasing low doses of UPA to decrease endometrium and bleeding will be developed SA3: Molecular mechanisms underlying potential benefits of UPA CVR will be tested on target tissues. (Ill) The evaluation of new endothelin receptor antagonists on ovulation with the goal of developing new specific and highly effective emergency contraceptives will be conducted in collaboration with the University of Illinois (IV) MENT(r) Ac implants for male contraception with added health benefits will be tested. We will (SA1) Manufacture new one-year MENT Ac subdermal implants to (SA2) conduct an efficacy &safety study on the effect of implants alone and with Depomedroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) in normal men. We will: SA3: evaluate the mechanism of action of MENT when combined with progestins;SA4: evaluate the protective effect of MENT on Leydig Cells;SA5: confirm protective effects of MENT on bone when combined with DMPA. (V): Develop adjudin as a nonhormonal male contraceptive;SA1: characterize the formulation (adjudin-IMB) for clinical use in men. SA2: Unravel molecular mechanism(s) by which adjudin-IMB disrupts adhesion protein complexes at the apical ectoplasmic specialization. SA3: Complete toxicity program to prepare for clinical use in men.
The scientific opportunities identified in the 2011 NICHD Vision Workshop on Reproduction included the need for innovative, safer methods of contraception and with added health benefits to the users. Also longlasting methods allowing improved compliance are needed. Our projects include contraceptives for men and women and have the potential to answer the above objectives and hence impact positively on global health.
|Chen, Haiqi; Mruk, Dolores D; Xia, Weiliang et al. (2016) Effective Delivery of Male Contraceptives Behind the Blood-Testis Barrier (BTB) - Lesson from Adjudin. Curr Med Chem 23:701-13|
|Tang, Elizabeth I; Mruk, Dolores D; Cheng, C Yan (2016) Regulation of microtubule (MT)-based cytoskeleton in the seminiferous epithelium during spermatogenesis. Semin Cell Dev Biol 59:35-45|
|Venkatesh, Deepak; Mruk, Dolores; Herter, Jan M et al. (2016) AKAP9, a Regulator of Microtubule Dynamics, Contributes to Blood-Testis Barrier Function. Am J Pathol 186:270-84|
|Li, Nan; Mruk, Dolores D; Lee, Will M et al. (2016) Is toxicant-induced Sertoli cell injury in vitro a useful model to study molecular mechanisms in spermatogenesis? Semin Cell Dev Biol 59:141-156|
|Gao, Ying; Lui, Wing-Yee; Lee, Will M et al. (2016) Polarity protein Crumbs homolog-3 (CRB3) regulates ectoplasmic specialization dynamics through its action on F-actin organization in Sertoli cells. Sci Rep 6:28589|
|Li, Nan; Mruk, Dolores D; Chen, Haiqi et al. (2016) Rescue of perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS)-mediated Sertoli cell injury by overexpression of gap junction protein connexin 43. Sci Rep 6:29667|
|Chen, Haiqi; Mruk, Dolores D; Lee, Will M et al. (2016) Planar Cell Polarity (PCP) Protein Vangl2 Regulates Ectoplasmic Specialization Dynamics via Its Effects on Actin Microfilaments in the Testes of Male Rats. Endocrinology 157:2140-59|
|Tang, Elizabeth I; Lee, Will M; Cheng, C Yan (2016) Coordination of Actin- and Microtubule-Based Cytoskeletons Supports Transport of Spermatids and Residual Bodies/Phagosomes During Spermatogenesis in the Rat Testis. Endocrinology 157:1644-59|
|Wen, Qing; Cheng, C Yan; Liu, Yi-Xun (2016) Development, function and fate of fetal Leydig cells. Semin Cell Dev Biol 59:89-98|
|Jesus, Tito T; Oliveira, Pedro F; Silva, Joaquina et al. (2016) Mammalian target of rapamycin controls glucose consumption and redox balance in human Sertoli cells. Fertil Steril 105:825-833.e3|
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