The objective of this application is to define the leadership and operational structures for the Microbicide Trials Network (MTN). The MTN was first established in 2006 to identify a safe and effective microbicide for HIV prevention. From the outset, the MTN targeted key populations at risk of HIV including women in Sub- Saharan Africa, adolescents, pregnant and lactating women, and MSM. Over the last six years, the MTN has developed an expansive program in vaginal and rectal microbicide development, with unique and substantial contributions to the field in the understanding of the safety, effectiveness, pharmacokinetics, and the behavioral context associated with the use of topical microbicides. Since its inception, it has developed a total of 31 new protocols. The proposed plan in this continuing application is to build on this foundation of research to expand the portfolio of active agents to be tested in phase 1-3 studies over the next 7 years. It is anticipated that these studies will build toward a phase 2B/3 studies of a rectal microbicide and a combination antiretroviral/hormonal contraceptive ring. Cutting edge biomedical and behavioral research approaches will be incorporated through the contributions of the biomedical and behavioral research working groups, and community perspectives on protocols will be incorporated through the community working group.

Public Health Relevance

Microbicides are new drug products which are being developed for use by people for prevention of HIV infection. This grant application describes a leadership structure for the Microbicide Trials Network, a clinical trials network whose purpose is to develop microbicide products from the early stages of product development through final approval by regulatory authorities.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Research Project with Complex Structure Cooperative Agreement (UM1)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-RRS-A (S1))
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Black, Roberta J
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Magee-Women's Research Institute and Foundation
United States
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Balkus, Jennifer E; Palanee-Phillips, Thesla; Reddy, Krishnaveni et al. (2017) Brief Report: Dapivirine Vaginal Ring Use Does Not Diminish the Effectiveness of Hormonal Contraception. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 76:e47-e51
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DeMarco, Allison L; Rabe, Lorna K; Austin, Michele N et al. (2017) Survival of vaginal microorganisms in three commercially available transport systems. Anaerobe 45:44-49
Richardson-Harman, Nicola; Parody, Robert; Anton, Peter et al. (2017) Analytical Advances in the Ex Vivo Challenge Efficacy Assay. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 33:395-403

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