The Ohio State University (OSU) AIDS Clinical Trials Unit (ACTU) plans to conduct clinical research that will increase knowledge about the pathogenesis, prevention, course, and treatment of HIV infection and its associated complications through affiliation by prior agreement with the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) led by Dr. Constance Benson of the University of California, San Diego, CA and also proposes to affiliate with the HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN) led by Dr. Lawrence Corey of the University of Washington, Seattle WA. Clinical trials will be designed and implemented: 1) to optimize the clinical management of HIV and its related complications;2) to evaluate agents with novel mechanisms of action or improved toxicity profiles for the treatment of HIV and/or for major copathogens (such as tuberculosis and hepatitis);3) to evaluate the safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of multiple candidate HIV vaccines and adjuvants;4) to develop means of reducing HIV transmission by integrating HIV treatment with prevention efforts that evaluate practical behavioral interventions and other methods of transmission interruption;and 5) to minimize the risk of vertical transmission by maximizing care of HIV-infected women during their child-bearing years. HIV-infected individuals from a wide spectrum of ages, communities and socio-economic conditions will be recruited, screened and enrolled in specific protocols that address these high priority research areas at the OSU ACTU. Coordination of research related activities and timely execution of new studies will take advantage of established investigator expertise, ongoing productive partnerships with scientist colleagues and the HIV-infected community and a clinical research infrastructure that is recognized for its productivity in the ACTG over the past 18 years and more recently in large scale vaccine and prevention trials. Experienced research staff (investigators, nurses, pharmacy, data management, laboratory and outreach personnel) will recruit, screen, enroll and rummage all essential and required elements of clinical trials participation. Clinical research that develops and tests strategies and new treatments for HIV infection and its complications is critically important for controlling HIV disease progression and minimizing side effects. Well-designed clinical trials to test vaccines and other preventive strategies are essential to preventing the spread of HIV infection. ADMINISTRATIVE COMPONENT:

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Type
Research Project with Complex Structure Cooperative Agreement (UM1)
Project #
5UM1AI069474-06
Application #
8197779
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1-AR-A (M1))
Program Officer
Adedeji, Bola
Project Start
2007-01-18
Project End
2013-11-30
Budget Start
2011-12-01
Budget End
2012-11-30
Support Year
6
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$1,871,585
Indirect Cost
$553,862
Name
Ohio State University
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
832127323
City
Columbus
State
OH
Country
United States
Zip Code
43210
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Vardhanabhuti, Saran; Ribaudo, Heather J; Landovitz, Raphael J et al. (2015) Screening for UGT1A1 Genotype in Study A5257 Would Have Markedly Reduced Premature Discontinuation of Atazanavir for Hyperbilirubinemia. Open Forum Infect Dis 2:ofv085
Thio, Chloe L; Smeaton, Laura; Hollabaugh, Kimberly et al. (2015) Comparison of HBV-active HAART regimens in an HIV-HBV multinational cohort: outcomes through 144 weeks. AIDS 29:1173-82
Moore, Carrie B; Verma, Anurag; Pendergrass, Sarah et al. (2015) Phenome-wide Association Study Relating Pretreatment Laboratory Parameters With Human Genetic Variants in AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocols. Open Forum Infect Dis 2:ofu113
Gupta, S K; Kitch, D; Tierney, C et al. (2015) Markers of renal disease and function are associated with systemic inflammation in HIV infection. HIV Med 16:591-8
Longenecker, Chris T; Kitch, Douglas; Sax, Paul E et al. (2015) Reductions in Plasma Cystatin C After Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy Are Associated With Reductions in Inflammation: ACTG A5224s. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 69:168-77
Wanga, Valentine; Venuto, Charles; Morse, Gene D et al. (2015) Genomewide association study of tenofovir pharmacokinetics and creatinine clearance in AIDS Clinical Trials Group protocol A5202. Pharmacogenet Genomics 25:450-61
Lehmann, David S; Ribaudo, Heather J; Daar, Eric S et al. (2015) Genome-wide association study of virologic response with efavirenz-containing or abacavir-containing regimens in AIDS clinical trials group protocols. Pharmacogenet Genomics 25:51-9
Leger, Paul D; Johnson, Daniel H; Robbins, Gregory K et al. (2014) Genome-wide association study of peripheral neuropathy with D-drug-containing regimens in AIDS Clinical Trials Group protocol 384. J Neurovirol 20:304-8
McComsey, Grace A; Kitch, Douglas; Sax, Paul E et al. (2014) Associations of inflammatory markers with AIDS and non-AIDS clinical events after initiation of antiretroviral therapy: AIDS clinical trials group A5224s, a substudy of ACTG A5202. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 65:167-74

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