Immunopathogenetic features characterize the autoimmune inflammatory myopathies - polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and related diseases: lymphocytic destruction of muscle cells, and humoral autoimmunity distinguished by a striking set of disease-specific autoantibodies. Although the muscle cell destruction appears to be mediated by lymphocytes, the autoantibodies, particularly those directed against the family of functionally related but structurally diverse aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, offer a useful window on the disease and were the focus of much of this group's research for a number of years. These studies of the autoantibodies, specifically the structure of the aminoacyl-tRNA autoantigens led several years ago to the observation that HRS and another myositis-specific autoantigen, AsnRS, have chemoattractant activity for immature dendritic cells (iDC), via CCR5 and CCR3 respectively;that SerRS, an occasional autoantigen in lupus, has chemoattractant activity for CCR3-transfected cells, but not for iDC;and that LysRS and AspRS lacked chemoattractant activity. My collaborators in these experiments at Hopkins continue to work in this area, often using reagents we have supplied or continue to supply. Another line of work emanating from this lab that is being actively pursued is the mouse model of myositis caused by the up-regulation of MHC Class I on muscle cells. Kanneboyina Nagaraju, a former fellow in this lab who developed this model, moved first to the Rosen lab at Hopkins, and is now in the Hoffman lab at the Childrens Hospital National Medical Center. In the past year, we have provided purified autoantigens or expression constructs to several outside labs without formal collaboration for projects of interest to us. Further experiments with other autoantigens and the receptors responsible for the chemokine activity, the mechanism of action, and associated biological studies carried out in this lab have drawn to a close.

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National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
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Harris-Love, M O; Shrader, J A; Koziol, D et al. (2009) Distribution and severity of weakness among patients with polymyositis, dermatomyositis and juvenile dermatomyositis. Rheumatology (Oxford) 48:134-9
Nagaraju, Kanneboyina; Rawat, Rashmi; Veszelovszky, Edina et al. (2008) Dysferlin deficiency enhances monocyte phagocytosis: a model for the inflammatory onset of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2B. Am J Pathol 172:774-85