1. It has been accepted in the literature by now that bone marrow stromal cells (a subset of which are mesenchymal or skeletal stem cells) can suppress activation of T cells both in vivo and in vitro. We continued to study this effect of bone marrow stromal cells in infectious disease and allergic disease models in mice. We continued and finished our studies on the mechanism of how intravenously injected bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) affect a mouse model of asthma induced by ragweed. We confirmed that the injections significantly improve lung scores (which mirrors lung function) in asthmatic mice and showed that the injected BMSCs in the asthmatic (Th2) environment produce high amounts of TGF-beta;that significantly decreases the airway response and improves the lung function of the mice with induced asthma. We also demonstrated that activation of the IL-4 receptor and the STAT pathway are responsible for this effect. 2. In another project we studied the regulation of mast cell degranulation by BMSCs. Mast cells (MCs) have a central role in allergic responses, including certain types of asthma and in the development of autoimmune disease. These cells represent an important link between innate and acquired immunity. We studied the interaction between mouse bone marrow-derived stromal cells and mouse bone marrow derived MCs and found that BMSCs can efficiently suppress several MC functions in vitro as well as in vivo. When MCs are cocultured with BMSCs directly (allowing cell to cell contact), the BMSCs suppress MC degranulation, proinflammatory cytokine production, chemokinesis, and chemotaxis. Similarly, MC degranulation within mouse skin or the peritoneal cavity was suppressed following in vivo administration of BMSCs. Further, we demonstrate that these inhibitory effects were dependent on upregulation of COX2 in BMSCs and facilitated through the activation of EP4 receptors on MCs. Based on these data we suggest that BMSCs might represent a novel cell based therapeutic approach in the treatment of MC driven allergic diseases.

Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
7
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$967,874
Indirect Cost
Name
National Institute of Dental & Craniofacial Research
Department
Type
DUNS #
City
State
Country
Zip Code
Young, W Scott; Song, June; Mezey, Éva (2016) Hybridization Histochemistry of Neural Transcripts. Curr Protoc Neurosci 75:1.3.1-1.3.27
Nemeth, Krisztian; Mezey, Eva (2016) Origin of stem cells in the BM niche: new clues from mastocytosis. Blood 127:670-2
Mezey, Éva (2016) On the origin of blood cells--hematopoiesis revisited. Oral Dis 22:247-8
Myneni, V D; Mezey, E (2016) Regulation of bone remodeling by vitamin K2. Oral Dis :
Nemeth, K; Gorog, A; Mezey, E et al. (2016) Cover Image: Detection of hair follicle-associated Merkel cell polyomavirus in an immunocompromised host with follicular spicules and alopecia. Br J Dermatol 175:1409
Mezey, Éva; Palkovits, Miklós (2015) Neuroanatomy: Forgotten findings of brain lymphatics. Nature 524:415
Nemeth, Krisztian; Mezey, Eva (2015) Bone marrow stromal cells as immunomodulators. A primer for dermatologists. J Dermatol Sci 77:11-20
Acs, Peter; Bauer, Peter O; Mayer, Balazs et al. (2015) A novel form of ciliopathy underlies hyperphagia and obesity in Ankrd26 knockout mice. Brain Struct Funct 220:1511-28
Mezey, Éva; Nemeth, Krisztián (2015) Mesenchymal stem cells and infectious diseases: Smarter than drugs. Immunol Lett :
Mezey, Éva; Brownstein, Michael J (2015) Do circulating cells transdifferentiate and replenish stem cell pools in the brain and periphery? Bioessays 37:398-402

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