The goal of this project is to develop improved methods for the diagnosis and treatment of ocular inflammatory diseases in human patients of all ages including uveitis, scleritis, inflammatory diseases of the ocular surface, and intraocular malignancies. Over the past year clinical studies have continued to focus on examining the effectiveness of new therapeutic agents with a milder safety profile than that offered by currently available standard immunosuppressive medications. We continue our experience with infliximab (Remicade) and Humira, biologic agents that neutralize the biologic activity of TNF-alpha for the treatment of scleritis, and posterior segment uveitis including retinal vasculitis. Although infliximab seems to be an effective alternate therapy for the treatment of ocular inflammatory disease the potential for ocular complications may limit the usage of the agent. We evaluated the presence of T -regulatory cells in humans and defined their characteristics. We have seen that uveitis patients resistant to steroid therapy have a group of IL-17 producing cells that are steroid resistant in the CD4+CD25+ subpopulation. An ongoing protocol evaluating oral tolerance in uveitis is mentioned in a separate report. We continue to analyze vitreous cytokine levels from primary intraocular lymphoma (PIOL) and uveitic patients and continue to use the cutoff point in disease diagnosis with an IL-10 to IL-6 ratio greater than 1.0 for PIOL. We are evaluating ways to image these cells real time in the patient. As well, the MUST (multicenter uveitis steroid treatment study results showed no difference in therapeutic effect but with considerable differences in adverse effects. An extension study of MUST continues. The SITE study, in which we participated demonstrated that there was no increased mortality due to long term immunosuppressive therapy for uveitis. SITE 2 has started. We are planning new projects to address childhood uveitis. We have identified elevated levels of IL-17 in patients with Sarcoidosis. As well, the CFH variant associated with AMD we reported to be associated with ocular sarcoidosis at the same incidence as in AMD. Family studies in African Americans with Sarcoidosis are planned.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Type
Investigator-Initiated Intramural Research Projects (ZIA)
Project #
1ZIAEY000356-14
Application #
8938305
Study Section
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
14
Fiscal Year
2014
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
U.S. National Eye Institute
Department
Type
DUNS #
City
State
Country
Zip Code
Kim, Jane S; Jaworski, Laurence; Patel-Donnelly, Dipti et al. (2017) WALDENSTRÖM'S MACROGLOBULINEMIA MASQUERADING AS BIRDSHOT CHORIORETINOPATHY. Retin Cases Brief Rep 11:152-155
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Kim, Jane S; Knickelbein, Jared E; Jaworski, Laurence et al. (2016) Enhanced Depth Imaging Optical Coherence Tomography in Uveitis: An Intravisit and Interobserver Reproducibility Study. Am J Ophthalmol 164:49-56
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Knickelbein, Jared E; Chan, Chi-Chao; Sen, H Nida et al. (2015) Inflammatory Mechanisms of Age-related Macular Degeneration. Int Ophthalmol Clin 55:63-78
Levin, Marc H; Pistilli, Maxwell; Daniel, Ebenezer et al. (2014) Incidence of visual improvement in uveitis cases with visual impairment caused by macular edema. Ophthalmology 121:588-95.e1
Keane, Pearse A; Karampelas, Michael; Sim, Dawn A et al. (2014) Objective measurement of vitreous inflammation using optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology 121:1706-14
Lima, Breno R; Mandelcorn, Efrem D; Bakshi, Nupura et al. (2014) Syphilitic outer retinopathy. Ocul Immunol Inflamm 22:4-8

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