Motor vehicle crashes are the major cause of death and injury among adolescents. Crash risk isparticular elevated at licensure, declines rapidly for about 6 months (consistent with an effect of learning), and then decline more slowely for a number of years. Risk is particularly elevated under certain driving conditions, such as with teen passengers, at night, while engaged in secondary in-vehicle tasks. Our group has developed a program of research, including observational and prospective studies, designed to increase understanding of teen driving risks and reduce crash risks during the early months of licensure. We are conducting observational studies to determine the nature of teen driving risk. Specifically, we are interested in determining how driving performance improves over time and varies under certain driving conditions, such as with teen passengers and at night. in the Naturalistic Teenage Driving Study Based we instrumented the vehicles of newly licensed teenage drivers with accelerometers, GPS, and cameras with continuous recording, enabling the assessment of virtually all aspects of driving over the first 18 months of driving. Because teens shared vehicles with their parents, who were also study participants, we could compare teen and adult driving behavior in the same vehicles and driving conditions. Findings to date have included high crash rates among teens compared to parents, declining over time;high rates of elevated g-force events among teens that did not decline over time.

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Simons-Morton, Bruce; Li, Kaigang; Ehsani, Johnathon et al. (2016) Covariability in three dimensions of teenage driving risk behavior: impaired driving, risky and unsafe driving behavior, and secondary task engagement. Traffic Inj Prev 17:441-6
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Li, Kaigang; Simons-Morton, Bruce G; Vaca, Federico E et al. (2015) Reciprocal Associations Between Parental Monitoring Knowledge and Impaired Driving in Adolescent Novice Drivers. Traffic Inj Prev 16:645-51
Ouimet, Marie Claude; Pradhan, Anuj K; Brooks-Russell, Ashley et al. (2015) Young Drivers and Their Passengers: A Systematic Review of Epidemiological Studies on Crash Risk. J Adolesc Health 57:S24-35.e6
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Simons-Morton, Bruce G; Klauer, Sheila G; Ouimet, Marie Claude et al. (2015) Naturalistic teenage driving study: Findings and lessons learned. J Safety Res 54:41-4

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