The purpose of this study is to determine the safety, tolerability and efficacy of pain relief of lidoderm 5% gel for HIV-associated neuropathy. Painful peripheral neuropathies represent the most common neurological complication in patients infected with HIV. Painful distal sensory polyneuropathy (DSP) is the most common peripheral neuropathy in AIDS patients, occurring in about 20% to 35% of patients. The signs and symptoms of DSP include pain primarily in the feet, diminished primary sensory modalities in the feet, and decreased ankle reflexes with minimal foot weakness. The mechanism of DSP in AIDS is unknown. The incidence of DSP increases with advancing immunosuppression in later stages in the course of AIDS. The effectiveness of the new topical lidocaine formulations in the treatment of post-herpetic neuralgia pain suggest that these agents might be useful in treating the pain of HIV DSP. Because topical application of lidocaine has a very low potential for side effects or addiction, this type of treatment could become one of choice for a large number of patients. Lidocaine is an amide-type local anesthetic and is known to stabilize neuronal membranes by inhibiting the ionic fluxes required for the initiation and conduction of impulses. Lidoderm preparations, when applied to intact skin in post-herpetic neuralgia provides dermal analgesia through analgesic modulation of abnormally functioning fibers, rather than interfering with normal nerve fiber function.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
General Clinical Research Centers Program (M01)
Project #
5M01RR000052-41
Application #
6590595
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRR1)
Project Start
2001-12-01
Project End
2002-11-30
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
41
Fiscal Year
2002
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
Johns Hopkins University
Department
Type
DUNS #
045911138
City
Baltimore
State
MD
Country
United States
Zip Code
21218
Robert Braši?, James; Mari, Zoltan; Lerner, Alicja et al. (2018) Remission of Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome after Heat-Induced Dehydration. Int J Phys Med Rehabil 6:
Altman, Matthew C; Whalen, Elizabeth; Togias, Alkis et al. (2018) Allergen-induced activation of natural killer cells represents an early-life immune response in the development of allergic asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 142:1856-1866
AIDS-defining Cancer Project Working Group of IeDEA, COHERE in EuroCoord (2018) Non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk in adults living with HIV across five continents. AIDS 32:2777-2786
Juraschek, Stephen P; Miller 3rd, Edgar R; Appel, Lawrence J (2018) Orthostatic Hypotension and Symptoms in the AASK Trial. Am J Hypertens 31:665-671
Elion, Richard A; Althoff, Keri N; Zhang, Jinbing et al. (2018) Recent Abacavir Use Increases Risk of Type 1 and Type 2 Myocardial Infarctions Among Adults With HIV. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 78:62-72
Al-Sofiani, Mohammed E; Yanek, Lisa R; Faraday, Nauder et al. (2018) Diabetes and Platelet Response to Low-Dose Aspirin. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 103:4599-4608
Grover, Surbhi; Desir, Fidel; Jing, Yuezhou et al. (2018) Reduced Cancer Survival Among Adults With HIV and AIDS-Defining Illnesses Despite No Difference in Cancer Stage at Diagnosis. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 79:421-429
Grams, Morgan E; Sang, Yingying; Ballew, Shoshana H et al. (2018) Predicting timing of clinical outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease and severely decreased glomerular filtration rate. Kidney Int 93:1442-1451
Yanik, Elizabeth L; Hernández-Ramírez, Raúl U; Qin, Li et al. (2018) Brief Report: Cutaneous Melanoma Risk Among People With HIV in the United States and Canada. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 78:499-504
Aboud, Katherine S; Barquero, Laura A; Cutting, Laurie E (2018) Prefrontal mediation of the reading network predicts intervention response in dyslexia. Cortex 101:96-106

Showing the most recent 10 out of 1014 publications