This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing theresources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject andinvestigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source,and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed isfor the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator.Bone mineral mass and density in children and young adults are important determinants of bone health and osteoporosis risk in adults. However, little is known about determinants of bone development during childhood, and only a few studies have longitudinally assessed bone development and accretion in childhood. In this observational study these investigators are assessing bone development and its determinants among a cohort of healthy children followed from birth. Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and peripheral quantitative computed tomography will be used to assess bone measures at ages 9, 11 and 13. Results will be related to children's longitudinal dietary intake (e.g., calcium, vitamin D and protein), fluoride intake (dietary and non-dietary), physical activity and genetic factors. To better understand children's bone mass/density, they are also assessing bone mass/density in the parents, along with dietary, physical activity and genetic factors. This offers a unique opportunity to provide insight into childhood bone development and the roles of genetic, lifestyle and familial factors. This is especially important since bone accrual occurs during childhood and adolescence, with peak bone mass generally achieved by late adolescence or adulthood. Results could serve as a basis for future recommendations regarding lifestyle modification (such as diet and physical activity) to enhance bone mass and could have important implications for prevention of osteoporosis. The prevalence of dental fluorosis has increased in the U.S. and Canada while caries rates have declined. Excessive fluoride intake during critical periods of tooth development is the major determinant of dental fluorosis. However, the critical periods and levels necessary to cause fluorosis are poorly understood. Few studies have asssessed fluoride intake comprehensively or related results to dental fluorosis. In the dental portion of the study these investigators conduct standardized dental examinations for fluorosis and caries and relate findings to a longitudinal database of estimated fluoride intake from water, beverages, foods, dietary fluoride supplements, and dentifrice. Examinations of the permanent teeth will be conducted at age 9 (early-erupting teeth) and at age 13 (late-erupting teeth). Results could serve as a basis for more refined, future recommendations concerning the optimal use of fluorides for maximum public health caries prevention with minimal dental fluorosis risk.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
General Clinical Research Centers Program (M01)
Project #
5M01RR000059-46
Application #
7604934
Study Section
National Center for Research Resources Initial Review Group (RIRG)
Project Start
2007-03-01
Project End
2007-09-16
Budget Start
2007-03-01
Budget End
2007-09-16
Support Year
46
Fiscal Year
2007
Total Cost
$52,302
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Iowa
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
062761671
City
Iowa City
State
IA
Country
United States
Zip Code
52242
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