This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject and investigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source, and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed is for the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator. Morbidly obese individuals (Body mass index (BMI) >40 kg/m2) are at increased risk for several chronic disease conditions including Type II diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea, and orthopedic ailments. Gastric bypass surgery is becoming increasingly popular as the treatment of choice for morbidly obese individuals with these co-morbidities. Although weight loss may be of primary concern for the morbidly obese gastric bypass patient, other factors (e.g., physical activity participation and physical fitness) contribute to an improved quality of life and improved cardiovascular health. The majority of gastric bypass surgery research to date has focused on increasing the percentage of excess weight lost by improving surgical techniques and/or addressing nutritional components. The role of physical activity and physical fitness, however, in successful weight loss outcomes following gastric bypass surgery has received less attention. Prior to the development of specific physical activity programming designed to contribute to positive surgical outcomes for this population, it is imperative that factors related to physical fitness and physical activity be evaluated. Therefore, the goal of this proposed study is to evaluate the changes in several parameters related to physical fitness, physical activity behaviors and attitudes, and cardiovascular health in gastric bypass patients prior to surgery and at four post-surgical time points (1 month, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year). The data collected during this preliminary study will be utilized to develop specific exercise programming for pre- and post-surgical patients. It is hypothesized that weight loss resulting from gastric bypass surgery will improve markers of cardiovascular health. Furthermore, it is hypothesized that greater participation in appropriate physical activity that results in improvements in the patient's physical fitness will improve post-surgical weight loss and weight maintenance and will provide additional cardiovascular health benefits.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
General Clinical Research Centers Program (M01)
Project #
5M01RR000065-47
Application #
7950866
Study Section
National Center for Research Resources Initial Review Group (RIRG)
Project Start
2008-12-01
Project End
2009-11-30
Budget Start
2008-12-01
Budget End
2009-11-30
Support Year
47
Fiscal Year
2009
Total Cost
$3,733
Indirect Cost
Name
Virginia Commonwealth University
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
105300446
City
Richmond
State
VA
Country
United States
Zip Code
23298
Holkova, Beata; Yazbeck, Victor; Kmieciak, Maciej et al. (2017) A phase 1 study of bortezomib and romidepsin in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, indolent B-cell lymphoma, peripheral T-cell lymphoma, or cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Leuk Lymphoma 58:1349-1357
Corey, Kathleen E; Vuppalanchi, Raj; Vos, Miriam et al. (2015) Improvement in liver histology is associated with reduction in dyslipidemia in children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 60:360-7
Eaton, J E; Juran, B D; Atkinson, E J et al. (2015) A comprehensive assessment of environmental exposures among 1000 North American patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis, with and without inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 41:980-90
Worthington Jr, Everett L; Berry, Jack W; Hook, Joshua N et al. (2015) Forgiveness-reconciliation and communication-conflict-resolution interventions versus retested controls in early married couples. J Couns Psychol 62:14-27
Holkova, Beata; Kmieciak, Maciej; Perkins, E Brent et al. (2014) Phase I trial of bortezomib (PS-341; NSC 681239) and ""nonhybrid"" (bolus) infusion schedule of alvocidib (flavopiridol; NSC 649890) in patients with recurrent or refractory indolent B-cell neoplasms. Clin Cancer Res 20:5652-62
Noureddin, Mazen; Yates, Katherine P; Vaughn, Ivana A et al. (2013) Clinical and histological determinants of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and advanced fibrosis in elderly patients. Hepatology 58:1644-54
Lo, D J; Anderson, D J; Weaver, T A et al. (2013) Belatacept and sirolimus prolong nonhuman primate renal allograft survival without a requirement for memory T cell depletion. Am J Transplant 13:320-8
Poklepovic, Andrew; Youssefian, Leena E; Youseffian, Leena et al. (2013) Phase I trial of bortezomib and dacarbazine in melanoma and soft tissue sarcoma. Invest New Drugs 31:937-42
Holkova, Beata; Supko, Jeffrey G; Ames, Matthew M et al. (2013) A phase I trial of vorinostat and alvocidib in patients with relapsed, refractory, or poor prognosis acute leukemia, or refractory anemia with excess blasts-2. Clin Cancer Res 19:1873-83
Lo, D J; Farris, A B; Song, M et al. (2013) Inhibition of ?v?6 promotes acute renal allograft rejection in nonhuman primates. Am J Transplant 13:3085-93

Showing the most recent 10 out of 367 publications