This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject and investigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source, and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed is for the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator. Neonatal (at birth) cholestatic disorders are a group of hepatobiliary diseases occurring within the first three months of life in which bile flow is impaired. Overall 1 in 2500 live births is affected with a neonatal cholestic disorder. The two most common causes of neonatal cholestasis are bilary atresia and idiopathic neonatal hepatitis. Biliary atresia is the most common of these disorders, occuring in approximately 1 in 8000 to 1 in 15,000 live births, and characterized by complete fibrotic obliteration of the opening of the extrahepatic biliary tree (outside the liver) within three months of life. Idiopathic neonatal hepatitis is a descriptive term used for cases of prolonged neonatal cholestasis in which the characteristic 'giant cell hepatitis' lesion is present on liver biopsy, and in which no other infectious, genetic, metabolic, or obstructive cause is identified. In various series, idiopathic neonatal hepatitis may comprise up to 30-40% of all cases of neonatal cholestasis. Although biliary atresia and idiopathic neonatal hepatitis are the main focus of this project, there are many other causes of neonatal cholestasis that may be investigated by the Bilary Atresia Clinical Research Consortium (BARC) potentially leading to new knowledge and understanding of hepatocyte (liver cells) and biliary physiology and pathophysiology. It is clear that the etiologies of biliary atresia and idiopathic neonatal hepatitis remain poorly understood and that the future development of new diagnostic, preventative and therapeutic strategies will require a better understanding of the causative factors. BARC will provide an ideal environment in which to investigate multiple proposed etiologies simultaneously through hypothesis-directed investigations.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
General Clinical Research Centers Program (M01)
Project #
2M01RR000071-43
Application #
7380545
Study Section
National Center for Research Resources Initial Review Group (RIRG)
Project Start
2006-04-17
Project End
2007-02-28
Budget Start
2006-04-17
Budget End
2007-02-28
Support Year
43
Fiscal Year
2006
Total Cost
$1,073
Indirect Cost
Name
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Department
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
078861598
City
New York
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
10029
Grams, Morgan E; Sang, Yingying; Ballew, Shoshana H et al. (2018) Predicting timing of clinical outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease and severely decreased glomerular filtration rate. Kidney Int 93:1442-1451
Kattan, Meyer; Bacharier, Leonard B; O'Connor, George T et al. (2018) Spirometry and Impulse Oscillometry in Preschool Children: Acceptability and Relationship to Maternal Smoking in Pregnancy. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 6:1596-1603.e6
Coplan, Jeremy D; Webler, Ryan; Gopinath, Srinath et al. (2018) Neurobiology of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in GAD: Aberrant neurometabolic correlation to hippocampus and relationship to anxiety sensitivity and IQ. J Affect Disord 229:1-13
Altman, Matthew C; Whalen, Elizabeth; Togias, Alkis et al. (2018) Allergen-induced activation of natural killer cells represents an early-life immune response in the development of allergic asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol 142:1856-1866
Juraschek, Stephen P; Miller 3rd, Edgar R; Appel, Lawrence J (2018) Orthostatic Hypotension and Symptoms in the AASK Trial. Am J Hypertens 31:665-671
Sheffield, Perry E; Uijttewaal, Simone A M; Stewart, James et al. (2017) Climate Change and Schools: Environmental Hazards and Resiliency. Int J Environ Res Public Health 14:
Juraschek, Stephen P; Appel, Lawrence J; Miller 3rd, Edgar R (2017) Metoprolol Increases Uric Acid and Risk of Gout in African Americans With Chronic Kidney Disease Attributed to Hypertension. Am J Hypertens 30:871-875
Chen, Teresa K; Tin, Adrienne; Peralta, Carmen A et al. (2017) APOL1 Risk Variants, Incident Proteinuria, and Subsequent eGFR Decline in Blacks with Hypertension-Attributed CKD. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 12:1771-1777
Ramratnam, Sima K; Visness, Cynthia M; Jaffee, Katy F et al. (2017) Relationships among Maternal Stress and Depression, Type 2 Responses, and Recurrent Wheezing at Age 3 Years in Low-Income Urban Families. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 195:674-681
Chen, Teresa K; Appel, Lawrence J; Grams, Morgan E et al. (2017) APOL1 Risk Variants and Cardiovascular Disease: Results From the AASK (African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension). Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 37:1765-1769

Showing the most recent 10 out of 869 publications