This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. ABSTRACT New evidence suggests that autistic disorder (AD) may be associated with abnormalities in folate metabolism, which is a process that affects genetic expression by facilitating the formation of methyl donors for DNA methylation. Limited data show that some children with AD show behavioral improvements with folic acid (FA) therapy, while others show a worsening effect. If behavioral worsening is linked with abnormalities in folate metabolism, then nutritional modifications could normalize these processes and result in clinical improvements. To address this premise, we propose a randomized, placebo-controlled crossover pilot study with two phases. The first phase will focus on the behavioral and biochemical responses of children with AD to high-dose folic acid supplementation. Because FA is an inactive folate that requires biochemical conversion to become active, and select genotypes impede this conversion, our general hypothesis is that FA will yield behavioral improvements in some children but exacerbate problem behaviors in others. During the second phase, children who had a worsened behavioral response to FA during phase 1 will participate in an open-label trial of high-dose Metafolin? supplementation. The focus here would similarly be on the behavioral and biochemical outcomes of participating children following treatment with the study supplement. Because Metafolin? is an active folate metabolite that should not be affected by genotypes in the folate pathway, our general hypothesis for phase 2 is that Metafolin? would yield behavioral improvements without the risk for behavioral worsening. Results from this project may provide support for continued study of the potential relationship between folate metabolism and problem behaviors among children with AD, potentially justifying the need to examine effects of folate supplementation among a larger sample of affected children.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
General Clinical Research Centers Program (M01)
Project #
5M01RR000188-47
Application #
8356689
Study Section
National Center for Research Resources Initial Review Group (RIRG)
Project Start
2010-12-01
Project End
2011-11-30
Budget Start
2010-12-01
Budget End
2011-11-30
Support Year
47
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$6,332
Indirect Cost
Name
Baylor College of Medicine
Department
Pediatrics
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
051113330
City
Houston
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
77030
Hunsaker, Sanita L; Garland, Beth H; Rofey, Dana et al. (2018) A Multisite 2-Year Follow Up of Psychopathology Prevalence, Predictors, and Correlates Among Adolescents Who Did or Did Not Undergo Weight Loss Surgery. J Adolesc Health 63:142-150
Lanzieri, Tatiana M; Chung, Winnie; Leung, Jessica et al. (2018) Hearing Trajectory in Children with Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 158:736-744
Bollard, Catherine M; Tripic, Tamara; Cruz, Conrad Russell et al. (2018) Tumor-Specific T-Cells Engineered to Overcome Tumor Immune Evasion Induce Clinical Responses in Patients With Relapsed Hodgkin Lymphoma. J Clin Oncol 36:1128-1139
Michalsky, Marc P; Inge, Thomas H; Jenkins, Todd M et al. (2018) Cardiovascular Risk Factors After Adolescent Bariatric Surgery. Pediatrics 141:
Lau, Chantal (2018) Breastfeeding Challenges and the Preterm Mother-Infant Dyad: A Conceptual Model. Breastfeed Med 13:8-17
El-Hattab, Ayman W; Zarante, Ana Maria; Almannai, Mohammed et al. (2017) Therapies for mitochondrial diseases and current clinical trials. Mol Genet Metab 122:1-9
Jin, Haoxing Douglas; Demmler-Harrison, Gail J; Coats, David K et al. (2017) Long-term Visual and Ocular Sequelae in Patients With Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection. Pediatr Infect Dis J 36:877-882
Oh, Sam S; Du, Randal; Zeiger, Andrew M et al. (2017) Breastfeeding associated with higher lung function in African American youths with asthma. J Asthma 54:856-865
Bansal, N; Hampe, C S; Rodriguez, L et al. (2017) DPD epitope-specific glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)65 autoantibodies in children with Type 1 diabetes. Diabet Med 34:641-646
Zeller, Meg H; Washington, Gia A; Mitchell, James E et al. (2017) Alcohol use risk in adolescents 2 years after bariatric surgery. Surg Obes Relat Dis 13:85-94

Showing the most recent 10 out of 459 publications