This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. Primary support for the subproject and the subproject's principal investigator may have been provided by other sources, including other NIH sources. The Total Cost listed for the subproject likely represents the estimated amount of Center infrastructure utilized by the subproject, not direct funding provided by the NCRR grant to the subproject or subproject staff. ABSTRACT Acetylcholine (ACh) is involved in brain reward and learning, and changes to ACh may contribute to substance abuse disorders. The reinforcing effects produced by cocaine arise, in part, from release of dopamine (DA) in midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Stimulation of ACh inputs can increase DA release in the nucleus accumbens - a critical brain area involved in the rewarding effects produced by cocaine. ACh-esterase (AChE) inhibitors block cocaine self-administration in monkeys (Wilson and Schuster 1973), block cocaine place preference and locomotor sensitization in mice (Hikida et al. 2003), and block reinstatement induced by exposure to methamphetamine(METH) in rats (Hiranita et al. 2006). Taken together, these data suggest that increasing ACh activity may reduce METH craving in humans. Our lab recently completed a study to determine the effects of the AChE inhibitor rivastigmine on the self-reported subjective effects produced by METH (De La Garza et al. 2008a;De La Garza et al. 2008b)(see also Preliminary Studies). We found that METH (30 mg, IV) administration significantly increased self-reported Desire for METH, and treatment with rivastigmine abolished this response. This finding suggests that further research on this promising class of compounds as treatments for stimulant addiction is warranted. To this end, we propose a double-blind, placebo-controlled, between-groups evaluation of interactions between cocaine and oral rivastigmine and between cocaine and oral huperzine A (HupA). I. HYPOTHESIS 1. Relative to placebo-treated participants, treatment with rivastigmine or HupA will reduce cocaine-induced craving and choices for cocaine. 2. (a)Relative to placebo-treated participants, treatment with rivastigmine or HupA will reduce cocaine-induced increases in heart rate and blood pressure. (b) Relative to placebo-treated participants, treatment with rivastigmine or HupA will not increase the adverse events produced by cocaine. 3. (a) Relative to placebo-treated participants, treatment with rivastigmine, but not HupA, will associated with increased levels of cocaine. (b) Relative to placebo-treated participants, treatment with rivastigmine, but not HupA, will be associated with increased formation of ecgonine and benzoylecgonine, and decreased formation of ecgonine methylester. II.
SPECIFIC AIMS 1. Among cocaine-dependent, non-treatment seeking participants, to establish the ability of rivastigmine (3 or 6 mg, daily) or HupA (0.4 or 0.8 mg, daily), as compared to placebo, to reduce cocaine-induced craving (0, 20, and 40 mg, IV) and to reduce reinforcing effects produced by cocaine (20 mg, IV/infusion). 2. To determine the safety of rivastigmine and HupA in cocaine-dependent participants who receive cocaine in a laboratory setting. 3. To determine the effects of AChE inhibition on plasma levels of cocaine and cocaine metabolites. Public Health Significance: Cocaine abuse is an important health problem that is associated with serious medical, psychiatric, social, and economic consequences. No medications are currently available for prevention of relapse in patients who are addicted to cocaine, and compounds such as rivastigmine and HupA are predicted to be useful for this indication. The testing of HupA is particularly exciting since it has antioxidant and neuroprotective properties that may also contribute to its efficacy as a treatment medication for cocaine dependence.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
General Clinical Research Centers Program (M01)
Project #
5M01RR000188-47
Application #
8356779
Study Section
National Center for Research Resources Initial Review Group (RIRG)
Project Start
2010-12-01
Project End
2011-11-30
Budget Start
2010-12-01
Budget End
2011-11-30
Support Year
47
Fiscal Year
2011
Total Cost
$29,287
Indirect Cost
Name
Baylor College of Medicine
Department
Pediatrics
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
051113330
City
Houston
State
TX
Country
United States
Zip Code
77030
Hunsaker, Sanita L; Garland, Beth H; Rofey, Dana et al. (2018) A Multisite 2-Year Follow Up of Psychopathology Prevalence, Predictors, and Correlates Among Adolescents Who Did or Did Not Undergo Weight Loss Surgery. J Adolesc Health 63:142-150
Lanzieri, Tatiana M; Chung, Winnie; Leung, Jessica et al. (2018) Hearing Trajectory in Children with Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 158:736-744
Bollard, Catherine M; Tripic, Tamara; Cruz, Conrad Russell et al. (2018) Tumor-Specific T-Cells Engineered to Overcome Tumor Immune Evasion Induce Clinical Responses in Patients With Relapsed Hodgkin Lymphoma. J Clin Oncol 36:1128-1139
Michalsky, Marc P; Inge, Thomas H; Jenkins, Todd M et al. (2018) Cardiovascular Risk Factors After Adolescent Bariatric Surgery. Pediatrics 141:
Lau, Chantal (2018) Breastfeeding Challenges and the Preterm Mother-Infant Dyad: A Conceptual Model. Breastfeed Med 13:8-17
Gururangan, Sridharan; Reap, Elizabeth; Schmittling, Robert et al. (2017) Regulatory T cell subsets in patients with medulloblastoma at diagnosis and during standard irradiation and chemotherapy (PBTC N-11). Cancer Immunol Immunother 66:1589-1595
Lanzieri, T M; Leung, J; Caviness, A C et al. (2017) Long-term outcomes of children with symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus disease. J Perinatol 37:875-880
El-Hattab, Ayman W; Zarante, Ana Maria; Almannai, Mohammed et al. (2017) Therapies for mitochondrial diseases and current clinical trials. Mol Genet Metab 122:1-9
Jin, Haoxing Douglas; Demmler-Harrison, Gail J; Coats, David K et al. (2017) Long-term Visual and Ocular Sequelae in Patients With Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection. Pediatr Infect Dis J 36:877-882
Oh, Sam S; Du, Randal; Zeiger, Andrew M et al. (2017) Breastfeeding associated with higher lung function in African American youths with asthma. J Asthma 54:856-865

Showing the most recent 10 out of 459 publications