This subproject is one of many research subprojects utilizing the resources provided by a Center grant funded by NIH/NCRR. The subproject and investigator (PI) may have received primary funding from another NIH source, and thus could be represented in other CRISP entries. The institution listed is for the Center, which is not necessarily the institution for the investigator. Project Summary: This is pilot study to evaluate the role of exercise in regulation of coronary artery blood flow. Although studies in animals have shown that sympathetically mediated coronary vasoconstriction occurs during static contraction, there is little data evaluating coronary flow response to exercise in human subjects. Historically the need for invasive flow monitoring has made it difficult to study real-time coronary hemodynamics during exercise. Recent studies using non-invasive trans-thoracic Doppler ultrasound demonstrated similar flow properties in LIMA (left internal mammary artery) bypass grafts and coronary arteries, suggesting this approach may allow non-invasive monitoring of coronary hemodynamics. The investigators propose to use this technique in 15 subjects that have undergone LIMA bypass grafting within the past 5 years to study the effect of handgrip exercise on coronary artery flow. Exclusion criteria are designed to exclude subjects with cardiac disease or co-morbidities that may alter coronary flow. A dobutamine stress echo will be performed to exclude subjects with significant coronary ischemia. Real-time ultrasound Doppler measurements of mean blood velocity will be performed in the LIMA left internal mammary artery graft and renal arteries during voluntary and involuntary handgrip exercise, and during handgrip and post-handgrip ischemia. Venous norepinephrine (NE) levels will be measured at baseline, and following the exercise paradigms (4 samples/subjects).

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
Type
General Clinical Research Centers Program (M01)
Project #
5M01RR010732-12
Application #
7378488
Study Section
National Center for Research Resources Initial Review Group (RIRG)
Project Start
2006-04-01
Project End
2007-03-31
Budget Start
2006-04-01
Budget End
2007-03-31
Support Year
12
Fiscal Year
2006
Total Cost
$3,011
Indirect Cost
Name
Pennsylvania State University
Department
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
129348186
City
Hershey
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
17033
Zhang, Lijun; Wang, Ming; Sterling, Nicholas W et al. (2018) Cortical Thinning and Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson's Disease without Dementia. IEEE/ACM Trans Comput Biol Bioinform 15:570-580
Rossi, Alexander; Berger, Kristin; Chen, Honglei et al. (2018) Projection of the prevalence of Parkinson's disease in the coming decades: Revisited. Mov Disord 33:156-159
Lee, Soomi; Martire, Lynn M; Damaske, Sarah A et al. (2018) Covariation in couples' nightly sleep and gender differences. Sleep Health 4:201-208
Almeida, David M; Lee, Soomi; Walter, Kimberly N et al. (2018) The effects of a workplace intervention on employees' cortisol awakening response. Community Work Fam 21:151-167
Lieberman, Jay L; DE Souza, Mary Jane; Wagstaff, David A et al. (2018) Menstrual Disruption with Exercise Is Not Linked to an Energy Availability Threshold. Med Sci Sports Exerc 50:551-561
Liu, Guodong; Sterling, Nicholas W; Kong, Lan et al. (2017) Statins may facilitate Parkinson's disease: Insight gained from a large, national claims database. Mov Disord 32:913-917
Sterling, Nicholas W; Du, Guangwei; Lewis, Mechelle M et al. (2017) Cortical gray and subcortical white matter associations in Parkinson's disease. Neurobiol Aging 49:100-108
Berryman, Claire E; Fleming, Jennifer A; Kris-Etherton, Penny M (2017) Inclusion of Almonds in a Cholesterol-Lowering Diet Improves Plasma HDL Subspecies and Cholesterol Efflux to Serum in Normal-Weight Individuals with Elevated LDL Cholesterol. J Nutr 147:1517-1523
Calhoun, Susan L; Fernandez-Mendoza, Julio; Vgontzas, Alexandros N et al. (2017) Behavioral Profiles Associated with Objective Sleep Duration in Young Children with Insomnia Symptoms. J Abnorm Child Psychol 45:337-344
Quick, Virginia; Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol; Shoff, Suzanne et al. (2016) Relationships of Sleep Duration With Weight-Related Behaviors of U.S. College Students. Behav Sleep Med 14:565-80

Showing the most recent 10 out of 645 publications