The long-term goal of this project is to dissect the molecular basis for accelerated metabolic aging induced by circadian disruption and sleep loss in mice. Consistent with the overall goals of this program project, our focus will be to exploit mouse genetic tools to uncover the effect of circadian disruption at distinct time points in life on the progression of sleep impairment, and metabolic phenotypes. Our focus stems from work that has established that (1) circadian Clock mutant mice develop sleep loss and severe cardiometabolic disease during aging and (2) that high-fat diet itself leads to altered behavioral and molecular circadian rhythms in mice. We hypothesize that a 'vicious cycle'interconnects sleep and circadian disruption with cardiometabolic diisease. Moreover, we propose that there circadian disruption during critical windows in life effect the severity of cardiometabolic disease. We propose to exploit a genetic rescue strategy in which we have engineered clock mice harboring tetracycline-inducible wild-type alleles of the clock gene that can be selectively turned on or off within brain at distinct time points throughout life. Clock brain rescue mice have normal locomotor activity rhythms, but we do not know whether they also have normalized sleep and/or normalized metabolic profiles. Here we propose to test they hypothesis that clock gene rescue in brain at distinct ages either in early life or adulthood has different effects on sleep and the progression of cardiometabolic disease.
In Aim 1, we propose to rescue clock function in brain throughout life;
in Aim 2 we propose to rescue only in early life;and in Aim 3 we propose to rescue clock function in brain in adult life. We will then analyze sleep (REM/NREM/delta power) and metabolic endpoints (feeding rhythms, body composition, hormonal/biochemical markers and tissue metabolic gene networks). Results of these studies will establish the cause-and-effect relationship between disruption of circadian systems, sleep, and metabolic homeostasis and pinpoint the most vulnerable periods in life that set in motion an irreversible course of accelerated aging.

Public Health Relevance

The goal of this proposal is to dissect the molecular basis for accelerated metabolic aging induced by circadian disruption and sleep loss in mice. Insight gained from these studies will advance our knowledge of the interdependence of circadian disruption, sleep impairment, and cardiometabolic disease. We will establish the age-dependence of altered behavior on metabolic aging and create new insight for both prevention and rational theranies that will avert diabetes and ohfisitv durinn aninn.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1-ZIJ-5)
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University of Chicago
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Morselli, Lisa L; Gamazon, Eric R; Tasali, Esra et al. (2018) Shared Genetic Control of Brain Activity During Sleep and Insulin Secretion: A Laboratory-Based Family Study. Diabetes 67:155-164
Temple, Karla A; Leproult, Rachel; Morselli, Lisa et al. (2018) Sex Differences in the Impact of Obstructive Sleep Apnea on Glucose Metabolism. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 9:376
Morselli, Lisa L; Temple, Karla A; Leproult, Rachel et al. (2018) Determinants of Slow-Wave Activity in Overweight and Obese Adults: Roles of Sex, Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Testosterone Levels. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 9:377
Jiang, Peng; Turek, Fred W (2018) The endogenous circadian clock programs animals to eat at certain times of the 24-hour day: What if we ignore the clock? Physiol Behav 193:211-217
Hong, Hee-Kyung; Maury, Eleonore; Ramsey, Kathryn Moynihan et al. (2018) Requirement for NF-?B in maintenance of molecular and behavioral circadian rhythms in mice. Genes Dev 32:1367-1379
Guyon, Aurore; Morselli, Lisa L; Balbo, Marcella L et al. (2017) Effects of Insufficient Sleep on Pituitary-Adrenocortical Response to CRH Stimulation in Healthy Men. Sleep 40:
Baron, Kelly Glazer; Reid, Kathryn J; Malkani, Roneil G et al. (2017) Sleep Variability Among Older Adults With Insomnia: Associations With Sleep Quality and Cardiometabolic Disease Risk. Behav Sleep Med 15:144-157
Peek, Clara Bien; Levine, Daniel C; Cedernaes, Jonathan et al. (2017) Circadian Clock Interaction with HIF1? Mediates Oxygenic Metabolism and Anaerobic Glycolysis in Skeletal Muscle. Cell Metab 25:86-92
Mokhlesi, Babak; Grimaldi, Daniela; Beccuti, Guglielmo et al. (2017) Effect of one week of CPAP treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea on 24-hour profiles of glucose, insulin and counter-regulatory hormones in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Obes Metab 19:452-456
Jiang, Peng; Turek, Fred W (2017) Timing of meals: when is as critical as what and how much. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 312:E369-E380

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