The focus of this second phase to CREATE is on applications of technology to foster independence, quality of life, and productivity among older adults. We plan three projects. In the first project, we will conduct field studies of current computer workstation technology. Workstation configurations used by younger and older adults in the work place and in home offices (for telework) will be surveyed and evaluated. Based on existing design guidelines we will provide feedback to users about ways to improve their configuration and we will also assess barriers to adopting and implementing changes that would improve workstation functionality. Laboratory studies of visual, auditory, and ergonomic features of workstations will also be conducted to identify optimal configurations for older users. This combination of field and lab-based studies should lead to improved, age-sensitive workstation design guidelines. The second project concerns understanding how short-term stress may impact performance of older adults when they first confront new technology. Experimental studies will be used to develop both measurement tools for assessing stress as well as interventions such as short-term stress inoculation and redesign of interfaces to circumvent negative stress reactions. The third project will use the data generated from the first two lines of research to design and implement a health care intervention that substitutes some tele-health (videoconference) nurse and adult caregiver visits for in-person visits with older adults who are being treated for chronic health problems. This project should enable us to evaluate how a carefully designed workstation configured for videoconferencing can contribute to the health and well being of caregivers, patients, and health care providers.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Research Program Projects (P01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1)
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University of Miami School of Medicine
Coral Gables
United States
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Evans, Jarrett; Charness, Neil; Dijkstra, Katinka et al. (2018) Is episodic memory performance more vulnerable to depressive affect in older adulthood? Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn :1-20
Rogers, Wendy A; Mitzner, Tracy L (2017) Envisioning the Future for Older Adults: Autonomy, Health, Well-being, and Social Connectedness with Technology Support. Futures 87:133-139
Stuck, Rachel E; Chong, Amy W; Mitzner, Tracy L et al. (2017) Medication Management Apps: Usable by Older Adults? Proc Hum Factors Ergon Soc Annu Meet 61:1141-1144
Charness, Neil (2017) What Has the Study of Digital Games Contributed to the Science of Expert Behavior? Top Cogn Sci 9:510-521
Preusse, Kimberly C; Mitzner, Tracy L; Fausset, Cara Bailey et al. (2017) Older Adults' Acceptance of Activity Trackers. J Appl Gerontol 36:127-155
McGlynn, Sean A; Kemple, Shawn; Mitzner, Tracy L et al. (2017) Understanding the Potential of PARO for Healthy Older Adults. Int J Hum Comput Stud 100:33-47
Souders, Dustin J; Best, Ryan; Charness, Neil (2017) Valuation of active blind spot detection systems by younger and older adults. Accid Anal Prev 106:505-514
Barg-Walkow, Laura H; Rogers, Wendy A (2016) The Effect of Incorrect Reliability Information on Expectations, Perceptions, and Use of Automation. Hum Factors 58:242-60
Souders, Dustin J; Boot, Walter R; Charness, Neil et al. (2016) Older Adult Video Game Preferences in Practice: Investigating the Effects of Competing or Cooperating. Games Cult 11:170-120
Charness, Neil; Best, Ryan; Evans, Jarrett (2016) Supportive home health care technology for older adults: Attitudes and implementation. Gerontechnology 15:233-242

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