The insulin like-growth factor (IGF) system is well recognized to control multiple processes including growth, differentiation, cancer and aging. Our preliminary data includes evidence that genetic variations in the GH- IGF system is involved in human longevity and that the IGF-IGFBP system is a potent modulator of cancer progression in vitro and In vivo. In this project, we propose to utilize an array of unique cell lines and mouse models we have established with focus on IGFBP-deficient mice to determine if they exhibit altered life span or altered stress responsiveness and survival in response to oxidative stress and chemotherapy and to see if fasting results in an additive or antagonistic stress response to toxins. We will also investigate the mechanisms responsible for IGFBP-dependent effects on stress resistance and will examine the differential stress response (DSR) effect in murine genetic models of prostate cancer mated into IGF/IGFBP modified strains. Finally, we plan to investigate if IGF modulating drugs mimic or complement the DSR effects of fasting and diet on stress resistance and longevity in these models. The ultimate goal of this project is to test the hypothesis that lGF-1 and IGFBPs play central roles in the modulation of stress resistance as it relates to aging and diseases of aging. This knowledge can be applied to develop pharmacologic and nutritional interventions that will protect older patients against cancer, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and other age- dependent diseases caused by endogenous toxins. We will therefore pursue the following specific aims: 1) Investigate the mechanism and differential action of IGFBPs on protection and sensitization of normal and transformed cells in vitro. Our hypothesis is that IGFBPs confer a differential stress resistance effect between primary and cancer cell lines through a dual mechanism involving both IGF-inhibition and direct cellular actions. 2) Define the role of IGFBPs in longevity and in vivo stress resistance through the use of the IGFBPS and IGFBPl knockout mice. 3) Examine the effects of IGF-modulating drugs including IGF-1 receptor blocking-antibodies on stress resistance and longevity in mice. 4) Determine the effects of IGF and IGFBPs on survival in prostate cancer models by mating IGF/IGFBP altered mice into genetic prostate cancer models, testing the progression of prostate cancer. Together, these studies will develop new strategies to understand the molecular mechanisms of cellular protection and apply them to differential protection of normal and cancer cells and the development of strategies to enhance healthy aging

Public Health Relevance

;The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system is a complex biological pathway that controls cellular and organismal growth and differentiation;and has been linked to aging and longevity on one hand and to cancer progression on the other. We will address important implications of potential therapies that target IGF activity and examine their effects on lifespan and on cancer development in mouse models. Our work will have direct relevance to the health of elderly Americans, as it will pave the way towards safe and effective approaches to enhance lifespan and health-span extension and healthy aging.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1-ZIJ-5)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Southern California
Los Angeles
United States
Zip Code
Mao, Kai; Quipildor, Gabriela Farias; Tabrizian, Tahmineh et al. (2018) Late-life targeting of the IGF-1 receptor improves healthspan and lifespan in female mice. Nat Commun 9:2394
Kim, Su-Jeong; Mehta, Hemal H; Wan, Junxiang et al. (2018) Mitochondrial peptides modulate mitochondrial function during cellular senescence. Aging (Albany NY) 10:1239-1256
Xiao, Jialin; Cohen, Pinchas; Stern, Mariana Carla et al. (2018) Mitochondrial biology and prostate cancer ethnic disparity. Carcinogenesis 39:1311-1319
Nencioni, Alessio; Caffa, Irene; Cortellino, Salvatore et al. (2018) Fasting and cancer: molecular mechanisms and clinical application. Nat Rev Cancer 18:707-719
Qin, Qing; Delrio, Silvia; Wan, Junxiang et al. (2018) Downregulation of circulating MOTS-c levels in patients with coronary endothelial dysfunction. Int J Cardiol 254:23-27
Guidi, Novella; Longo, Valter D (2018) Periodic fasting starves cisplatin-resistant cancers to death. EMBO J 37:
Buono, Roberta; Longo, Valter D (2018) Starvation, Stress Resistance, and Cancer. Trends Endocrinol Metab 29:271-280
Qin, Qing; Mehta, Hemal; Yen, Kelvin et al. (2018) Chronic treatment with the mitochondrial peptide humanin prevents age-related myocardial fibrosis in mice. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 315:H1127-H1136
Nashiro, Kaoru; Guevara-Aguirre, Jaime; Braskie, Meredith N et al. (2017) Brain Structure and Function Associated with Younger Adults in Growth Hormone Receptor-Deficient Humans. J Neurosci 37:1696-1707
Cheng, Chia-Wei; Villani, Valentina; Buono, Roberta et al. (2017) Fasting-Mimicking Diet Promotes Ngn3-Driven ?-Cell Regeneration to Reverse Diabetes. Cell 168:775-788.e12

Showing the most recent 10 out of 81 publications