Alternative splicing is a widespread mechanism for post-transcriptional control of gene expression, and accounts for a large fraction of proteomic diversity. This process is also frequently misregulated in cancer, and appears to contribute to various changes associated with transformation. This project explores the molecular mechanisms through which the members of two conserved families of RNA-binding proteins regulate alternative splicing, and the range of pre-mRNA targets each of them controls in the context of transformation. Overexpression of these factors can promote tumorigenesis, and apparently bypass the requirement for oncogene cooperation by controlling the expression of specific isoforms of several key members of oncogene and tumor-suppressor networks. The prevalence of this mechanism for tumor development in different types of human cancer will be studied, and its specific features will be dissected and compared in different contexts by genetic manipulation of the splicing factors in cell culture and in models of B-cell lymphoma, hepatocellular carcinoma,and breast carcinoma. Distinctive features ofpre- mRNA targets recognized by the splicing machinery will also be studied, both to understand the mechanism and specificity of this process and to facilitate the classification of mutations in cancer- susceptibility genes that result in defective mRNA and protein. By exploring a new pathway for tumor development,this study may define markers that facilitate early detection of genetic lesions leading to cancer, and it may also potentially uncover novel targets for cancer therapy. Improved prediction of mutations that cause defective RNA splicing will inform treatment decisions for individuals with genetic predisposition to cancer.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Type
Research Program Projects (P01)
Project #
5P01CA013106-37
Application #
7690488
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
2008-01-01
Budget End
2008-12-31
Support Year
37
Fiscal Year
2008
Total Cost
$607,522
Indirect Cost
Name
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Department
Type
DUNS #
065968786
City
Cold Spring Harbor
State
NY
Country
United States
Zip Code
11724
Banito, Ana; Li, Xiang; Laporte, Aimée N et al. (2018) The SS18-SSX Oncoprotein Hijacks KDM2B-PRC1.1 to Drive Synovial Sarcoma. Cancer Cell 34:346-348
Skucha, Anna; Ebner, Jessica; Schmöllerl, Johannes et al. (2018) MLL-fusion-driven leukemia requires SETD2 to safeguard genomic integrity. Nat Commun 9:1983
Banito, Ana; Li, Xiang; Laporte, Aimée N et al. (2018) The SS18-SSX Oncoprotein Hijacks KDM2B-PRC1.1 to Drive Synovial Sarcoma. Cancer Cell 33:527-541.e8
Lin, Kuan-Ting; Ma, Wai Kit; Scharner, Juergen et al. (2018) A human-specific switch of alternatively spliced AFMID isoforms contributes to TP53 mutations and tumor recurrence in hepatocellular carcinoma. Genome Res :
On, Kin Fan; Jaremko, Matt; Stillman, Bruce et al. (2018) A structural view of the initiators for chromosome replication. Curr Opin Struct Biol 53:131-139
Knott, Simon R V; Wagenblast, Elvin; Khan, Showkhin et al. (2018) Asparagine bioavailability governs metastasis in a model of breast cancer. Nature 554:378-381
Shamay, Yosi; Shah, Janki; I??k, Mehtap et al. (2018) Quantitative self-assembly prediction yields targeted nanomedicines. Nat Mater 17:361-368
Tramentozzi, Elisa; Ferraro, Paola; Hossain, Manzar et al. (2018) The dNTP triphosphohydrolase activity of SAMHD1 persists during S-phase when the enzyme is phosphorylated at T592. Cell Cycle 17:1102-1114
Arun, Gayatri; Diermeier, Sarah D; Spector, David L (2018) Therapeutic Targeting of Long Non-Coding RNAs in Cancer. Trends Mol Med 24:257-277
Tarumoto, Yusuke; Lu, Bin; Somerville, Tim D D et al. (2018) LKB1, Salt-Inducible Kinases, and MEF2C Are Linked Dependencies in Acute Myeloid Leukemia. Mol Cell 69:1017-1027.e6

Showing the most recent 10 out of 610 publications